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Volume 51(7); Jul 2008
\Improving women's and children's health in DPRK\" project funded by the Republic of Korea"
Young-Jeon Shin
Accepted January 1, 1970  
The economic recession of North Korea has been prolonged, the need for humanitarian assistance for the women and children of DPRK has been raised. In March 2006, South Korean government signed MOU with World Health Organization (WHO) to financially support "Improving Women's and Children's Health in DPRK (IWCH)" project. The assistance projects through UNICEF and the non-government organizations of South...
Review Articles
Current status of hepatitis A virus infections in Korea
Hee-Shang Youn
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):690-695.   Published online July 15, 2008
The age-specific anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rates in South Korea have changed markedly since the last 2030 years with an improvement in the socio-economic, housing, and environmental-sanitation conditions. These changes are characterized by very low anti-HAV seropositive rates among individuals less than 30 years of age; however, nowadays, most adolescents and young adults at an increased risk of developing...
The epidemiology and present status of chronic hepatitis B in Korean children
Byung-Ho Choe
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):696-703.   Published online July 15, 2008
Korea is now classified as an area of intermediate endemicity for hepatitis B virus (HBV), due to the implementation of universal HBV vaccination and national preventive programs for HBV infection. A national program of HBV vaccination was launched in Korea in 1988 for school-going children and was listed on a vaccination guideline in 1991. In 1995, universal vaccination for newborn...
Original Articles
Growth and clinical efficacy of fortified human milk and premature formula on very low birth weight infants
Heewon Chueh, Myo Jing Kim, Young-A Lee, Jin-A Jung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):704-712.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : A prospective, controlled trial was conducted to evaluate growth, efficacy, safety and nutritional status for very low birth weight infants fed with human milk fortified with Maeil human milk fortifier (Maeil HMF ; Maeil Dairies Co., Ltd.). Methods : We enrolled 45 premature infants with a birth weight <1,500 g and gestational age <33 weeks, who were born at...
Clinical characteristics of severe meconium aspiration syndrome
Chang Won Choi, Beyong Il Kim, Hyun Ju Lee, Kyoung Eun Joung, Gyu Hong Shim, In Suk Lim, Jin-A Lee, Ee-Kyung Kim, Han-Suk Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):713-721.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aims to describe the clinical characteristics of severe meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) which required mechanical ventilation over 48 h and to delineate the progress of respiratory failure and radiographic findings in severe MAS. Methods : Twelve infants admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) of the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital diagnosed with severe MAS from...
The relationship between adiponectin, leptin, insulin, insulin-like growth factor and IGF binding protein-3 in cord blood and neonatal anthropometric parameters
Hai Jung Cho, Ji Young Kim, Me Jin Kim, Il Tae Hwang, Hae Ran Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):722-728.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : This study was designed to examine the effects of adiponectin, leptin, insulin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding protein (BP)-3 levels in cord blood on weight, length, and adiposity at birth in healthy term infants. In addition, we evaluated the mechanism to change the hormone levels in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) during the first month. Methods :...
Chlamydia trachomatis respiratory infection in Korean young infants
Ki Bae Hong, Youn Shim Shin, Eui-Jung Roh, Eun Hee Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):729-735.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : Chlamydia trachomatis is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases and is also a cause of pneumonia in infants. Respiratory infections by respiratory viruses are also common for infants. The objectives of this study were to identify the clinical manifestations and to determine the prevalence of C. trachomatis respiratory infections and coinfections by respiratory viruses in infants...
Is routine screening examination necessary for detecting thromboembolism in childhood nephrotic syndrome?
Mun Sub Kim, Ja Wook Koo, Soung Hee Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):736-741.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : The incidence of thromboembolic episodes in children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) is low; however, these episodes are often severe. Moreover, both pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and renal vein thrombosis (RVT) rarely show clinical symptoms. This study was performed to determine the benefits of routine screening in the detection of thrombosis in childhood NS. Methods : Among 62 children with...
Effects and adverse-effects of growth hormone therapy in children with Prader-Willi syndrome: A two year study
Su Jin Kim, Joong Bum Cho, Min Jung Kwak, Eun Kyung Kwon, Kyung Hoon Paik, Dong-Kyu Jin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):742-746.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects and adverse side-effects of growth hormone (GH) therapy in children with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Methods : Forty-one patients who had been treated with GH for more than two years (24 boys and 17 girls, mean age 7.3?.3 years during treatment initiation) were enrolled for this study. Results : After...
Early assessment of atherosclerosis in children with type 1 diabetes
So-Yoon Park, Seok Jeong Kang, Kwang Hae Choi, Yong Hoon Park, Young Hwan Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):747-753.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease. Early atherosclerotic changes in the arterial walls begin in adolescence and the risk factors are associated with its development. To assess the usefulness of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), as a marker of early atherosclerosis, we evaluated the structural and functional characteristics of the carotid...
Relationship between cord blood level of IL-12 in preterm newborns and development of wheezing
Hyo Jung Yu, Eun Ae Park, Ji Young Kim, Soo Jin Cho, Young Ju Kim, Hye Sook Park, Eun Hee Ha
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):754-759.   Published online July 15, 2008
Purpose : Abnormal activation patterns of Th1/Th2-cells have been suggested to increase the prevalence of allergic diseases. Prevention is regarded as an important corner stone in the management of allergic diseases. In this study, we have investigated the relationship between cord blood levels of IL-4, IL-10, and IL-12 in preterm newborns and the development of allergic respiratory diseases in infancy Methods...
Case Reports
A case of subcutaneous paragonimiasis presented with pleural effusion
Soo Young Kim, Sun Ju Park, Si Young Bae, Young Kuk Cho, Chan Jong Kim, Young Jong Woo, Young Youn Choi, Jae Sook Ma, Tai Ju Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):760-765.   Published online July 15, 2008
Paragonimiasis is a parasitic infection that occurs following the ingestion of infectious Paragonimus metacercariae from crabs or crayfish. Pulmonary paragonimiasis is the most common clinical manifestation of this infection, but several ectopic paragonimiasis cases have also been reported. Among them, cases of subcutaneous paragonimiasis are rare, especially in children. We report a case of subcutaneous paragonimiasis of the right abdominal...
Supraventricular tachycardia in a neonate with cardiac rhabdomyoma and tuberous sclerosis
In Kug Bang, Yeo Hyang Kim, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Tae Chan Kwon
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):766-770.   Published online July 15, 2008
Primary tumors of the heart are uncommon among pediatric patients. Rhabdomyoma is the most frequent cardiac tumor in infants and children, which is commonly associated with tuberous sclerosis. Tuberous sclerosis is a neurocutaneous syndrome affecting the brain, heart, skin, and other organs. Cardiac rhadomyomas are reported in 50-64% of infants with tuberous sclerosis. Tuberous sclerosis involves multiple locations in the...
An Arg1239His mutation of the CACNL1A3 gene in a Korean family with hypokalemic periodic paralysis
Chae Young Yeo, Young Ok Kim, Myeong Kyu Kim, Ji Youn Kim, Young Kuk Cho, Chan Jong Kim, Young Jong Woo
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):771-774.   Published online July 15, 2008
Familial hypokalemic periodic paralysis (hypoPP) is a rare inherited channelopathy that often presents with episodic weakness accompanied by hypokalemia. Thus far, mutations in the gene encoding two ion channels (CACNL1A3, L-type calcium channel alpha-1 subunit and SCN4A, a sodium channel type IV alpha subunit) have been identified. Several cases of familial hypoPP in children have been reported in Koreans, but...
A case of congenital vallecular cyst associated with gastroesophageal reflux presenting with stridor, feeding cyanosis, and failure to thrive
Mi Ae Yang, Min Jae Kang, Jeana Hong, Seung Han Shin, Sang Duk Kim, Ee-Kyung Kim, Han-Suk Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi, Tack Kyun Kwon, In-One Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(7):775-779.   Published online July 15, 2008
Vallecular cyst is an uncommon but potentially dangerous condition causing stridor and has been associated with sudden airway obstruction resulting in death due to its anatomical location in neonates. It may also present with various degrees of feeding problems resulting in failure to thrive. When a vallecular cyst is suspected clinically, endoscopic laryngoscopy is necessary to visualize it. Other conditions...
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