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Volume 51(9); Sep 2008
About the new edition of child and adolescent health record book
Young Kyoo Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):907-910.   Published online September 15, 2008
Recently we published new edition of `child & Adolescent health record book` considering easy usability and introduction of new vaccines. This record book has essential and important contents for caring our children and adolescents. Currently many people use various vaccination record books with wrong and poor contents. We suggest the campaign that every pediatrician must give our well made record...
Review Articles
Pediatric approach to early detection of learning disabilities
In Kyung Sung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):911-921.   Published online September 15, 2008
Learning disabilities (LD) are heterogeneous group of disorders with evidences of genetic or familial trait, intrinsic to the individual and presume to be due to central nervous dysfunction. Learning disabilities and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are the two of the most common disorders in the population of school-age children. Typically academic achievements in children with learning disabilities are significantly...
Speech and language disorders in children
Hee Jung Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):922-934.   Published online September 15, 2008
Developmental language disorder is the most common developmental disability in childhood, occurring in 5-8% of preschool children. Children learn language in early childhood, and later they use language to learn. Children with language disorders are at increased risk for difficulties with reading and written language when they enter school. These problems often persist through adolescence or adulthood. Early intervention may...
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):935-943.   Published online September 15, 2008
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral developmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity, as well as forgetfulness, poor impulse control or impulsivity, and distractibility. The recommended evaluation includes documenting the type and severity of ADHD symptoms, verifying the presence of normal vision and hearing, screening for comorbid psychological conditions, reviewing the child`s developmental history...
Original Articles
Normative data of penile length in Korean newborns
Sang Yeob Kim, Jae Sung Jun, Sang Geel Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):944-949.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : As modern society has became more open, interest in healthy internal and external growth has increased, including that pertaining to penile length in children. A micropenis is defined as one where penile length is more than 2 SD (standard deviation) below the mean, and it can be traced back to chromosome and endocrine disorders. The authors executed this...
Prevalence and trends in obesity among Korean children and adolescents in 1997 and 2005
Kyungwon Oh, Myoung Jin Jang, Na Yeoun Lee, Jin Soo Moon, Chong Guk Lee, Myung Hwan Yoo, Young Taek Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):950-955.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : The objective of this study was to provide current estimates of the prevalence and examine trends of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents. Methods : Height and weight measurements from 183,159 (112,974 in 1997, 70,185 in 2005) children and adolescents aged 2 to 18 years were obtained via the 1997 and 2005 National Growth Survey. Obesity among...
The pharmacological treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome: oral ibuprofen vs. indomethacin
Soo Jin Lee, Ji Young Kim, Eun Ae Park, Sejung Sohn
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):956-963.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Indomethacin is widely used for the prophylaxis and treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA); however, it is associated with side effects such as renal failure, intraventricular hemorrhage, and gastrointestinal bleeding. Intravenous ibuprofen has been shown to be as effective as indomethacin in prompting PDA closure. If treatment with oral ibuprofen is as effective as indomethacin, it would have...
Genotype and clinical features of Korean patients with methylmalonic aciduria and propionic aciduria
Eun Hye Lee, Jung Min Ko, Jae-Min Kim, Han-Wook Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):964-970.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) and propionic aciduria (PA) are inborn errors in the catabolism of branched-chain amino acids. The study was undertaken to investigate the genotypes and clinical features of Korean patients with MMA and PA. Methods : This study examined 12 patients with MMA and eight with PA. We analyzed various clinical features, laboratory findings, treatments, and neuro-developmental outcomes....
Comparison of a whole blood Interferon-γ assay and A tuberculin skin test for detecting latent tuberculosis infection in children
Jin-Kyong Chun, Jin-Kyong Chun, Chang Ki Kim, Chang Ki Kim, Hyun Sook Kim, Hyun Sook Kim, Ghee Young Jung, Ghee Young Jung, John A. Linton, John A. Linton, Ki Hwan Kim, Ki Hwan Kim, Taek Jin Lee, Taek Jin Lee, Ji Hyun Jeon, Ji Hyun Jeon, Dong Soo Kim, Dong Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):971-976.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Surveillance for detecting and managing latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a key component of tuberculosis control. The classic surveillance tool, the tuberculin skin test (TST), may have some limitations when used in the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-vaccinated population. The object was to perform a blood test QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In Tube (QFT-G IT) based on the detection of interferon-γ (IFN-γ)...
The societal cost of rotavirus infection in South Korea
Bong Min Yang, Dae Sun Jo, Youn Hee Kim, Ji Min Hong, Jung Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):977-986.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aims to estimate the financial cost of rotavirus infection in Korea in the year of 2005. Methods : The incidence rates used were from the epidemiological profile at Jeoungeub District (5.8 cases/1,000 children <5 years old for inpatients, and 22.65 cases/1,000 children <5 years old for outpatients, per year). The health care cost per capita of rotavirus...
Detection of HHV6 and EBV in histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis
Kyung Hee Park, Sung Shik Park, Ji Yeon Kim, Su Eun Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):987-991.   Published online September 15, 2008
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD), also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (HNL), is a self-limited disease characterized by cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. The etiology of KFD remains unknown; however, the self-limiting nature of HNL suggests the cause of this disease could be viral infection. For this reason, several viruses have been evaluated as possible etiologies of HNL, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human...
Evaluating and managing hypertension in children: a survey of Korean cardiologists and nephrologists
Eun Hee Lee, Hyung Eun Yim, Gi Young Jang, Kee Hwan Yoo, Chang Sung Son, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):992-997.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Hypertension (HTN) is no longer an exclusively adult disease; the prevalence of pediatric HTN is increasing. To understand the evaluation and treatment of childhood HTN in Korea, we investigated, via a questionnaire, how hypertensive children are currently assessed and managed by pediatric cardiologists (CA) and nephrologists (NE). Methods : We surveyed 82 pediatric CA and 77 NE, regarding...
Normal blood pressure values and percentile curves measured by oscillometric method in children under 6 years of age
Jin A Sohn, Hee Sook Lee, Kyoung Aha Lim, So Young Yoon, Jo Won Jung, Nam Su Kim, Chung Il Noh, Soon Young Lee, Young Mi Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):998-1006.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Hypertension is defined as average systolic blood pressure and/or diastolic blood pressure that is ≥95th percentile for gender, age, and height on ≥three occasions. Knowing that blood pressure values increase in children as they grow older, the purposes of this study were to measure blood pressure by an oscillometric device and to determine normal values and percentile curves...
Polymorphisms of interleukin-1β promoter in simple febrile seizures
Jang Won Yoon, Eun Jung Choen, Young Hyuk Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):1007-1011.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : Febrile seizure (FS) is the most common type of seizure. The role of genetic factors in FSs has long been recognized. A positive family history can be elicited in 25-40% of patients with FSs; nonetheless, the genes responsible for FSs in the majority of the population remain unknown. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine that acts as an...
Clinical significance of the mechanical properties of the abdominal aorta in Kawasaki disease
Mi Jin Kim, Mi Jin Kim, Sang Yun Lee, Sang Yun Lee, Yong Bum Kim, Yong Bum Kim, Hong Ryang Kil, Hong Ryang Kil
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):1012-1017.   Published online September 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to assess the mechanical properties of the abdominal aorta in school-aged patients treated for Kawasaki disease and in normal, healthy children. Methods : This study examined 28 children with Kawasaki disease who had been followed up on and 30 healthy subjects of the same age and gender. We recorded systolic (Ps) and diastolic (Pd) blood pressure...
Case Reports
A case of testicular adrenal rest tumor in a male child with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Joo Hwa Kim, Kyong Ah Yun, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):1018-1022.   Published online September 15, 2008
Testicular adrenal rest tumors are a well-known complication in male patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Corticosteroid suppressive therapy usually results in the regression of these tumors. We describe a patient with 21-hydroxylase deficiency who developed bilateral testicular masses. Despite steroid suppressive therapy, the tumors did not regress and hormonal control was poor. Consequently, bilateral partial orchiectomies were performed.
Kawasaki disease presenting as retropharyngeal abscess
Sung Yoon Cho, Hye Kyung Cho, Ky Young Cho, Hae Soon Kim, Sejung Sohn
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(9):1023-1027.   Published online September 15, 2008
A group of patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) initially present with cervical lymphadenitis or deep neck infection. These unusual KD presentations lead to unnecessary antibiotic therapy or surgical intervention, thereby delaying intravenous immunoglobulin treatment and increasing the risk of coronary artery damage. We present four KD patients whose initial presentations mimicked a retropharyngeal abscess. Nonsuppurative cervical lymphadenitis or suspected neck...
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