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Volume 52(10); Oct 2009
Review Articles
Treatment of chronic kidney disease in children
Joo Hoon Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1061-1068.   Published online October 15, 2009
The treatment of pediatric patients with chronic renal disease comprises management of nutritional imbalance, fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base disturbances, mineral bone disease, anemia, hypertension, and growth retardation. The treatment also includes administration of appropriate renal replacement therapy, if required. Adequate dietary intake of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins and caloric intake must be encouraged in such patients to ensure proper growth...
Peritoneal dialysis in children and adolescents
Il Soo Ha
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1069-1074.   Published online October 15, 2009
Peritoneal dialysis is a preferred modality of replacement therapy in children and adolescents with end-stage renal disease waiting for kidney transplantation. Recent development of pediatric swan-neck catheters with cuffs, novel dialysis solutions, and cyclers for automated peritoneal dialysis enabled more flexible prescriptions of dialysis with less complication, and improved patients' activities as well as the dialysis adequacy. Principles and practical...
Current status of pediatric kidney transplantation
Sung-Do Kim, Byoung-Soo Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1075-1081.   Published online October 15, 2009
Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for children with end-stage renal disease. The outcome of pediatric kidney transplantation has improved dramatically in recent years, with lower acute rejection rates, superior graft survival, and low mortality. These improvements have allowed increased attention to other aspects of care for long-term survivors. Taking this into consideration, this review article will focus on...
Recent concepts on vitamin D in children and adolescents
Hye Ran Yang, Jeong Wan Seo, Yong Joo Kim, Jae Young Kim, Eell Ryoo, Jae Geon Sim, Hye Won Yom, Ju Young Chang, Ji A Jung, Kwang Hae Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1082-1089.   Published online October 15, 2009
Vitamin D is an important fat-soluble vitamin that functions as a prohormone and affects bone mineralization and calcium homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency causesboth musculoskeletal manifestations, including rickets, and extra-musculoskeletal symptoms. Because vitamin D is naturally present in only some foods, intake of daily foods cannot meet the dietary reference intake for vitamin D. Sunlight is the main source of vitamin...
Original Articles
Current feeding practices and maternal nutritional knowledge on complementary feeding in Korea
Hye Won Yom, Jeong Wan Seo, Hyesook Park, Kwang Hae Choi, Ju Young Chang, Eell Ryoo, Hye Ran Yang, Jae Young Kim, Ji Hyun Seo, Yong Joo Kim, Kyung Rye Moon, Ki Soo Kang, Kie Young Park, Seong Soo Lee, Jeong Ok Shim
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1090-1102.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : To evaluate current feeding practices and maternal nutritional knowledge on complementary feeding. Methods:Mothers of babies aged 9-15 months who visited pediatric clinics of 14 general hospitals between September and December 2008 were asked to fill questionnaires. Data from 1,078 questionnaires were analyzed. Results : Complementary food was introduced at 4-7 months in 89% of babies. Home-made rice gruel was the...
A study on the utilization of complementary and alternative medicine for elementary children
Young Joon Ahn, Eun Young Kim, Kyung Rye Moon
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1103-1108.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : Recently, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been increasingly used in children. Studies have shown that 34% of adults and 11% of children use CAM in the USA and Canada. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and patterns of CAM use in elementary children in Korea. Methods : From July to August 2007, parents...
Metabolic syndrome in the overweight and obese adolescents and the impact of obesity on the cardiovascular system
Yong Mi Hong, Young Young Song, Hae Soon Kim, Hae Sook Park, Jung Hae Min, Jo Won Jung, Nam Soo Park, Chung Il Noh
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1109-1118.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : Metabolic syndrome (MS), characterized by obesity and insulin resistance, elicits risk factors such as hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and glucose intolerance with additive effects on atherosclerosis, leading to cardiovascular diseases. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of MS among overweight and obese adolescents and to investigate the impact of obesity on the cardiovascular system. Methods : In...
Comparative study of newborns of Asian immigrant and Korean women
Hee-ok Park, Jae-woo Lim, Hyun-seung Jin, Jae-won Shim, Min-hee Kim, Chun-soo Kim, Eun-ryoung Kim, Seung-youn Kim, Sang-kee Park, Jung-joo Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1119-1126.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : This study compares the maternal characteristics and birth outcomes of infants of Asian immigrant mothers from developing countries with those of the infants of Korean mothers. Methods : In this multicenter and retrospective study, Asian immigrant women who had delivered between January 2005 and June 2008 were enrolled from9 Medical Centers. In all, 333 births to Asian immigrant...
Magnetic resonance imagining findings of the white matter abnormalities in the brain of very-low-birth-weight infants
Jae Hyuk Choi, Young Pyo Chang
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1127-1135.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : To observe the abnormal white matter findings on the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of very-low- birth-weight (VLBW) infant brains at term-equivalent age and to determine the clinical risk factors for the development of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Methods : In all, MRI was performed in 98 VLBW infants and the white matter abnormalities were observed. Clinical risk factors...
Relationship between the depth of cingulate sulcus on neonatal high resolution cranial ultrasound and gestational age
Young Chil Choi, Jin Yong Choi, Jung Hwa Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1136-1139.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : It is critical that the exact gestational age of a newborn baby, especially premature baby, be determined to evaluate the status of a disease and its management and to estimate the prognosis of a patient. This study aimed to investigate an easy and accurate method to estimate gestational age on cranial ultrasound, requiring minimal additional time and equipment. Methods...
Association of ionized magnesium, total magnesium, gestational age, and intraventricular hemorrhage in preterm babies
Tae-Yeon Kim, Hyun-Hee Lee, Tae-Jung Sung
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1140-1146.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : The pathophysiology of magnesium, the second highest common compound in humans, is still unclear, especially in preterm babies. We accessed the association between total magnesium (tMg), ionized Mg (iMg), and gestational age (GA) and that between serum magnesium (sMg) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm babies. Methods : In all, 119 inborn preterm infants admitted between July 2006...
Microbiological spectrum and antibiotic susceptibility pattern in more than 24-month-old children with urinary tract infection: A6-year retrospective, single center experience
Jeong Hee Ko, Jee Hyung Lee, Eun Jung Shim, Do jun Cho, Ki Sik Min, Ki Yang Yoo, Dae Young Lee, Hee Jung Kang
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1147-1152.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : To characterize the pathogens and their antibiotic susceptibilities in more than 24-month-old children with urinary tract infection (UTI) and to study the Escherichia coli antimicrobial susceptibility trend. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the record of more than 24-month-old children with UTI between January 2003 and December 2008. Positive results for 1 bacterial species with a colony count of...
Outcome and risk factors of pediatric hemato-oncology patients admitted in pediatric intensive care unit
Bo Eun Kim, Eun Ju Ha, Keun Wook Bae, Seongguk Kim, Ho Joon Im, Jong Jin Seo, Seong Jong Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1153-1160.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : To evaluate the risk factors for mortality and prognostic factors in pediatric hemato-oncology patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of pediatric hemato-oncology patients admitted at the PICU of the Asan Medical Center between September 2005 and July 2008. Patients admitted at the PICU for perioperative or terminal...
Predictive indicators of coronary artery complications in Kawasaki disease
Min Jee Park, In-sang Jeon, Hann Tchah, Kang Ho Cho, Mi-Jin Jung, Deok Young Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1161-1166.   Published online October 15, 2009
Purpose : Kawasaki disease—the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children—incidence is increasing yearly. Therefore, we evaluated the predictive indicators of coronary complications of Kawasaki disease based on clinical and laboratory data. Methods : Between January 2005 and March 2008, of the 201 children with Kawasaki disease treated at the Gil Hospital of Gachon University of Medicine and...
Case Reports
A case of gastric trichobezoar causing psychiatric problems
Ji Young Seo, Min Young Kim, Jae Ho Noh, Chun Dong Kim, Jae Ock Park, Gyo Chang Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1167-1170.   Published online October 15, 2009
Trichobezoar is characterized by the accumulation of hair in the gastrointestinal tract and usually occurs in those who have trichotillomania, other psychiatric disorders, or neurologic problems. Trichobezoar typically presents as gastric obstruction, including abdominal pain, vomiting, anorexia, and weight loss. A 9-year-old girl visited our clinic with the complaint of abdominal discomfort and vomiting. A review of her medical history...
Partial trisomy of chromosome 18q11.2-q12: A case report
Ah Ra Cho, Hye Ryoun Kim, Mi Kyung Lee, Sin Weon Yun, Jung Ju Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1171-1174.   Published online October 15, 2009
Edwards syndrome, also called trisomy 18, is one of the most common autosomal anomalies. The survival rate of patients with Edwards syndrome is very low and its characteristic findings include cardiac malformations, mental retardation, growth retardation, specific craniofacial anomalies, clenched hands, rocker-bottom feet, and omphalocele. Compared with the classic Edwards syndrome, the symptom of partial duplication of chromosome 18 is...
A case of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn: Treatment with inhaled iloprost
Yoon Young Jang, Hye Jin Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(10):1175-1180.   Published online October 15, 2009
We report a case of a full-term neonate with persistent pulmonary hypertension who developed asphyxia after birth and was treated with iloprost. The neonate had persistent hypoxia and did not respond to supportive treatment. Because inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) was not available in our hospital, inhaled iloprost was administered via an endotracheal tube. This resulted in an immediate elevation of...
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