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Volume 52(3); Mar 2009
Review Articles
Acute viral lower respiratory tract infections in children
Joon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):269-276.   Published online March 15, 2009
Viruses are the most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in infants and young children and are a major public health problem in this age group. Viruses were identified in 54.9-70.4% of hospitalized infants and children with LRTIs in Korea. The viral pathogens identified included respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) A and RSV B, influenza (Inf) A, Inf B,...
Mycoplasma and chlamydia infection in Korea
Kyung Won Kim, Kyu-Earn Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):277-282.   Published online March 15, 2009
Pneumonia, which usually requires hospitalization for children, is caused by various pathogens. According to recent surveys, the prevalence of atypical pneumonia caused by Mycoplasma or Chlamydia has increased, especially in preschool children. Also, the evidence has been accumulated that Mycoplasma or Chlamydia infection is associated with asthma including both inception and exacerbation. Therefore, it is important to consider how the...
Antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia in children
Hye-yung Yum
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):283-288.   Published online March 15, 2009
Pneumonia remains the leading cause of mortality in children. Diagnosis depends on a combination of factors, including clinical assessment, radiological and laboratory findings. Although Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the most important cause of childhood bacterial pneumonia, the great majority of cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are of viral etiology. A new, rapid, and inexpensive test that differentiates viral from bacterial pneumonia...
Original Articles
The usefulness of diagnostic tests in children with language delay
Seung Taek Oh, Eun Sil Lee, Han Ku Moon
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):289-294.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : To assess the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), karyotyping, brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP), electroencephalogram (EEG), tandem mass screening test, and newborn metabolic screening test in children with language delay for diagnosing underlying diseases. Methods : From January 2000 to June 2007, a retrospective chart review was performed for 122 children with language delay who visited the...
Gastrointestinal surgery in very low birth weight infants : Clinical characteristics
Ji Eun Kim, Hye Soo Yoo, Hea Eun Kim, Soo Kyoung Park, Yoo Jin Jeong, Seo Heui Choi,, Hyun Joo Seo, Yun Sil Chang, Jeong Meen Seo, Won Soon Park, Suk Koo Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):295-302.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : To report our experience of gastrointestinal (GI) operations (OP) performed in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) and to evaluate their clinical characteristics. Methods : Among the 1,117 VLBWI admitted to the SMC neonatal intensive care unit from November 1994 to February 2007, the medical records of 37 infants who underwent GI OP (except inguinal hernia OP) and 1,080...
Short-term clinical outcomes of late preterm infants
Ji Youn Na, Narimi Park, Eun Sun Kim, Jin-A Lee, Gyu Hong Shim, Jin-A Lee, Chang Won Choi, Ee-Kyung Kim, Han-Suk Kim, Beyong Il Kim, Jung-Hwan Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):303-309.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : To identify the short-term clinical outcomes of late preterm infants and to test the hypothesis that late preterm infants have more clinical problems during the early postnatal period than term infants. Methods : One hundred late preterm infants [gestational age (GA) 34+0-36+6 weeks] and the same number of term infants (GA 37+0-41+6 weeks) were randomly selected from 289 late...
Clinical feature of neonatal pneumothorax induced by respiratory distress syndrome and pneumonia
Ji-Sun Jung, Sang-Woo Park, Chun-Soo Kim, Sang-Lak Lee, Tae-Chan Kwon
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):310-314.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : Pneumothorax is an important factor responsible for increased mortality and morbidity in neonates. Here, we compared the clinical findings and prognosis for neonatal pneumothorax induced by respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and pneumonia. Methods : Between January 2001 and December 2005, 80 patients with neonatal pneumothorax induced by RDS and pneumonia and admitted to the NICU of Dongsan Medical...
Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in Korean children, from 1979 to 2006-a meta-analysis
Jin Woo Kim, Hyun Kyong Seo, Eun Gyong Yoo, Sung Jin Park, So Hwa Yoon, Hye Young Jung, Manyong Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):315-323.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : This study aimed to perform a systematic review of the reports on Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in the last 30 years (1980-2006) to investigate the intervals between outbreaks, change in the peak incidence age, and diagnostic methods. We also aimed to validate the proper diagnostic criteria for M. pneumoniae pneumonia. Methods : We reviewed 62 original articles on M. pneumoniae...
Nationwide surveillance of acute interstitial pneumonia in Korea
Byoung-Ju Kim, Han A Kim, Young-Hwa Song, Jinho Yu, Seonguk Kim, Seong Jong Park, Kyung Won Kim, Kyu-Earn Kim, Dong Soo Kim, June Dong Park, Kang Mo Ahn, Hyo-Bin Kim, Hyang-Min Jung, Chun Kang, Soo-Jong Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):324-329.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a rare disease, but its prognosis is fatal because of lack of efficient treatment modality. Recently, it has been reported that there was epidemic AIP in Korea. This study aims to investigate the past and current status of AIP in Korea. Methods : We performed a nationwide survey and a prospective study. From August...
Epidemiologic and clinical features in children with acute lower respiratory tract infection caused by human metapneumovirus in 2006-2007
Gwi Ok Park, Ji Hyun Kim, Jae Hee Lee, Jung Ju Lee, Sin Weon Yun, In Seok Lim, Dong Keun Lee, Eung Sang Choi, Byoung Hoon Yoo,, Mi Kyung Lee, Soo Ahn Chae
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):330-338.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : The causes of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) are mostly attributable to viral infection, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza virus (PIV), influenza virus A/B (IFV A/B), or adenovirus (ADV). Several Korean studies reported human metapneumovirus (hMPV) as a common pathogen of ALRTI. However, studies on seasonal distribution and clinical differences relative to other viruses are insufficient,...
Variation of parameters according to cardiac cycle length, evaluated by TDI in children
Chang-Hyun Lee, Jae-Kwang Kim, Hyun-Seung Jin, Kie-Young Park, Bong-Seong Kim, Myung-Ki Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):339-345.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : This study aimed to determine the variation in parameters according to cardiac cycle length (CL; time interval between the QRS peaks on ECG) in children by using the conventional pulsed Doppler and tissue Doppler imaging echocardiography. Methods : Eighteen children with an anatomically normal heart were enrolled for the study. All children were examined by conventional and pulsed...
Factors affecting the contamination of bag urine culture in febrile children under two years
Wook Hyun Choi, In Seok Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):346-350.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : Since children under two years with suspected urinary tract infections (UTIs) cannot control urination, urine cultures in such children are usually performed via urine bags. This method is noninvasive but has a high contamination rate. We studied the contamination rate of bag urine culture in diagnosing UTI in infants under two years and the factors responsible for contamination. Methods...
Comparison of predicted adult heights measured by Bayley-Pinneau and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 methods in normal children, those with precocious puberty and with constitutional growth delay
Yeon Joung Oh, Byung Keun Yu, Jung Yeon Shin, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Chang Sung Son
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):351-355.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : This study compared bone ages measured by the Greulich-Pyle (GP) and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 (TW3) methods and investigated the differences in predicted adult heights measured by Bayley-Pinneau (BP) and TW3 methods. Methods : Bone ages were assessed from left-wrist radiographs by two investigators, one for each GP and TW3 methods in 85 normal children, 30 precocious puberty girls, and...
Analysis of cytosine adenine repeat polymorphism of the IGF-I promoter gene in children with idiopathic short stature
Jae Hoon Moon, Woo Yeong Chun
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):356-363.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : A polymorphism in the IGF-I gene promoter region is known to be associated with serum IGF-I levels, birth weight, and body length, suggesting that IGF-I gene polymorphism might influence postnatal growth. The present study aimed to investigate the role of this polymorphic cytosine-adenine (CA) repeat of the IGF-I gene in children with idiopathic short stature. Methods : The...
Clinical factors causing hyponatremia in patients with mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
Soo Yeon Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Jun Seok Choi, Jae Kyung Huh
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):364-369.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : Clinical and laboratory findings predict a severe outcome for mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome. This study aimed to define the clinical characteristics of Kawasaki disease (KD) patients with hyponatremia and to determine the factors associated with its development. Methods : Retrospective studies were performed on 114 KD patients who received an initial high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG, single 2 g/kg/dose)...
Development of metabolic syndrome and its correlation with insulin resistance in adult patients with Turner syndrome
Joo Hwa Kim, Min Jae Kang, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):370-375.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : The risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular disease in Turner syndrome (TS) patients is high. We analyzed metabolic factors in adults with TS and evaluated the metabolic risk of insulin resistance. Methods : Forty-three adults with TS were enrolled. The frequency of MS and the values of the metabolic factors were analyzed. Patients were divided into insulin...
Case Reports
Pseudohypoaldosteronism in a premature neonate with severe polyhydramnios in utero
So Yoon Ahn, Son Moon Shin, Kyung Ah Kim, Yeon Kyung Lee, Sun Young Ko
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):376-379.   Published online March 15, 2009
We report a case of a premature newborn baby who presented with hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis accompanied by severe polyhydramnios in utero. The baby was diagnosed with pseudohypoaldosteronism on the basis of normal 17-hydroxyprogesterone levels, elevated aldosterone, and clinical symptoms. His serum electrolyte levels were corrected with sodium chloride supplementation. Sodium supplementation was reduced gradually and discontinued at 5...
A case of acute transverse myelitis following chickenpox
Min Young Kim, Eun Sook Suh
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):380-384.   Published online March 15, 2009
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) in most patients is characterized by an abrupt onset of progressive weakness and sensory disturbance in the lower extremities with a preceding viral infection such as Epstein-Barr, herpes simplex, influenza, mumps and Varicella-zoster viruses (VZV). Although less frequent, some residual deficits including bladder dysfunction or weakness in the lower extremities may follow ATM, from which recovery...
Methemoglobinemia development after ingestion of a chinese herbal medicine: A case report
Se Eun Hyun, Pil Joo Hwang, Kyung Pil Nam, Eun Gyong Yoo, Man Yong Han
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;52(3):385-388.   Published online March 15, 2009
An 8-year-old girl visited the emergency room with perioral cyanosis and dyspnea, which had developed 20 hrs prior to the hospital visit. She had taken a Chinese herbal medication for 3 days prior to the onset of the symptoms. A co-oximeter examination revealed a methemoglobin level of 23.7%. An intravenous infusion of methylene blue was administered. Chemical analysis of the...
A case of antiepileptic drug hypersensitivity syndrome by lamotrigine mimicking infectious mononucleosis and atypical Kawasaki disease
Su Jung Yoo, Ihl Sung Park, Eun Sook Suh
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):389-391.   Published online March 15, 2009
AHS는 항경련제에 의한 부작용으로 드물게 발생하지만 생명을 위협할 수 있는 지연형 면역반응이다. 보통 항경련제 복용 후 1-8주 사이에 고열, 피부발진, 림프절병증의 임상 증세를 나타내고, 혈액, 간, 신장, 또는 폐 등의 내부 장기를 침범한다. AHS는 항경련제에 의한 부작용으로 증상이 전신적으로 다양하게 나타날 수 있다. 그리고 전염성 단핵구증이나 가와사키병과 같은 전신적 질환들과도 유사한 임상증상들을 보이기 때문에 이런 질환들과 감별하는 것이 중요하고 사망률도...
[ERRATUM]Outcome of patients with neuroblastoma aged less than 1 year at diagnosis
Korean J Pediatr. 2009;52(3):392.   Published online March 15, 2009
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