Article 55(2); Feb 2012
Review Articles
Environmental tobacco smoke and children's health
Sang-Hyun Hwang, Jong Hee Hwang, Jin Soo Moon, Do-Hoon Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):35-41.   Published online February 14, 2012

Passive exposure to tobacco smoke significantly contributes to morbidity and mortality in children. Children, in particular, seem to be the most susceptible population to the harmful effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Paternal smoking inside the home leads to significant maternal and fetal exposure to ETS and may subsequently affect fetal health. ETS has been associated with adverse effects on...

Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children
You-Sook Youn, Kyung-Yil Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):42-47.   Published online February 14, 2012

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP), the smallest self-replicating biological system, is a common cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections, leading to a wide range of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary manifestations. MP pneumonia has been reported in 10 to 40% of cases of community-acquired pneumonia and shows an even higher proportion during epidemics. MP infection is endemic in larger communities of the...

Original Articles
Clinical and genetic characteristics of Gaucher disease according to phenotypic subgroups
Ju-Young Lee, Beom Hee Lee, Gu-Hwan Kim, Chang-Woo Jung, Jin Lee, Jin-Ho Choi, Han-Wook Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):48-53.   Published online February 14, 2012
Purpose

Gaucher disease is caused by a β-glucocerebrosidase (GBA) deficiency. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics according to subtypes of Gaucher disease in the Korean population.

Methods

Clinical findings at diagnosis, GBA mutations, and clinical courses were reviewed in 20 patients diagnosed with Gaucher disease.

Results

Eleven patients were diagnosed with non-neuronopathic type, 2 with acute neuronopathic type,...

Evaluation of kidney size in children: a pilot study of renal length as a surrogate of organ growth
Boo Won Kim, Min Kyoung Song, Sochung Chung, Kyo Sun Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):54-57.   Published online February 14, 2012
Purpose

Somatic growth is an important indicator of health in children. Adequate organ growth is essential in growth and directly related to body growth. We consider renal length as a surrogate of organ growth in growing children. Measurement of weight, height, and many anthropometric indices, such as body surface area (BSA), body mass index (BMI), and Rohrer and Kaup indices, are...

Case Reports
Transient carnitine transport defect with cholestatic jaundice: report of one case in a premature baby
Hyun-Seok Cho, Young Kwang Choo, Hong Jin Lee, Hyeon-Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):58-62.   Published online February 14, 2012

Carnitine (β-hydroxy-γ-trimethylaminobutyric acid) is involved in the transport of long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondrial matrix and the removal of potentially toxic acylcarnitine esters. Transient carnitine transport defect is a rare condition in newborns reported in 1/90,000 live births. In this paper, we describe a case of transient carnitine transport defect found in a premature baby who had prolonged cholestatic...

Signal change in hippocampus and current source of spikes in Panayiotopoulos syndrome
Jung Sook Yeom, Youngsoo Kim, Ji Sook Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Eun Sil Park, Jae Young Lim, Chan-Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn, Oh-Young Kwon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(2):63-67.   Published online February 14, 2012

A 4-year-old girl with Panayiotopoulos syndrome presented with a history of 4 prolonged autonomic seizures. The clinical features of her seizures included, in order of occurrence, blank staring, pallor, vomiting, hemi-clonic movement on the right side, and unresponsiveness. A brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a slightly high T2 signal in the left hippocampus. Interictal electoencephalogram revealed spikes in the...

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