Article 55(6); Jun 2012
Review Articles
Ambient air pollution and allergic diseases in children
Byoung-Ju Kim, Soo-Jong Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):185-192.   Published online June 21, 2012

The prevalence of allergic diseases has increased worldwide, a phenomenon that can be largely attributed to environmental effects. Among environmental factors, air pollution due to traffic is thought to be a major threat to childhood health. Residing near busy roadways is associated with increased asthma hospitalization, decreased lung function, and increased prevalence and severity of wheezing and allergic rhinitis. Recently,...

Effects of probiotics on the prevention of atopic dermatitis
Nam Yeun Kim, Geun Eog Ji
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):193-201.   Published online June 21, 2012

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an immune disorder that is becoming increasingly prevalent throughout the world. The exact etiology of AD remains unknown, and a cure for AD is not currently available. The hypothesis that appropriate early microbial stimulation contributes to the establishment of a balanced immune system in terms of T helper type Th1, Th2, and regulatory T cell (Treg)...

Original Articles
Epidemiology of Kawasaki disease in infants 3 months of age and younger
Eun Jung Lee, Yong Won Park, Young Mi Hong, Joon Sung Lee, Ji Whan Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):202-205.   Published online June 21, 2012
Purpose

This study investigated the epidemiology of Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants ≤3-month-old.

Methods

To study the epidemiology of KD in Korea, data for 27,851 KD patients were collected on a 3-year basis between 2000 and 2008 in a retrospective survey. From this, data for 609 KD patients ≤3-month-old were analyzed and compared with the data for KD patients >3-month-old.

Results

The 609 KD patients...

Prevalence and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in children with iron deficiency anemia
Jung Won Yoon, Sung Woo Kim, Eun Gyong Yoo, Moon Kyu Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):206-211.   Published online June 21, 2012
Purpose

The increasing prevalence of breast feeding has led to concerns about vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in children. We evaluated the prevalence of VDD in a population of Korean children with IDA and assessed the risk factors for VDD in these children.

Methods

A total of 79 children who were diagnosed with IDA were prospectively surveyed from April...

Case Reports
Pulmonary hypertension due to obstructive sleep apnea in a child with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome
Hyung Soon Choi, Jeong Jin Yu, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko, In-Sook Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):212-214.   Published online June 21, 2012

Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is characterized by peculiar facies, mental retardation, broad thumbs, and great toes. Approximately one-third of the affected individuals have a variety of congenital heart diseases. They can also have upper airway obstruction during sleep, due to hypotonia and the anatomy of the oropharynx and airway, which make these patients susceptible to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In our...

A case of bilateral submandibular gland mucoceles in a 16-month-old child
Hye Jung Choi, Seoung Geun Kim, Jong Duk Kim, Jun Hyeng Kim, Jun Hyen Kim, Sung Mi Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2012;55(6):215-218.   Published online June 21, 2012

Mucoceles are common benign cystic lesions of the oral cavity that develop following extravasation or retention of mucous material from the major or minor salivary glands. Mucoceles are usually located in the lower lip (60 to 70% of cases), and the floor of the mouth is only involved in 6 to 15% of cases. Submandibular gland mucocele is extremely rare...

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