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Clinical Observation for Low Birth Weight Infants

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1993;36(7):928-935.
Published online July 15, 1993.
Clinical Observation for Low Birth Weight Infants
Hye Jin Lee, Soon Wan Kwon, Soon Ok Byun, Ji Sub Oh
Department of Pediatrics, Pusan Wallace Memorial Baptist Hospital, Pusan, Korea
저출생체중아에 관한 임상통계학적 고찰
이혜진, 권순완, 변순옥, 오지섭
부산 왈레스 기념 침례병원 소아과
Clinical observations were made on 338 low birth weight infants, who were delivered at Pusan Wallace Memorial Baptist Hospital, during the 3 year periods from 1989 to 1991. The results were as follows; 1) The incidence of LBWI was 5.6% and sex ratio was 1:1.09. Among them AGA was 62.7%. 2) Of all infants, 47.3% were in the birth weight range of 2251-2500 gm and 25.1% were in the gestational age group of 37-38 week. 3) LBWI were most prevalent among mothers under 20 years old and over 41 years old. 4) The Incidence of LBWI was highter in multiparity than primiparity and in myltiple pregnancy than single pregnancy. 5) Vaginal delivery was 63.9% and c-section delivery was 36.1%. 6) The order of frequency of the etiology of LBWI was multiple pregnancy, premature rupture of membrance and toxemia. 7) The mortality rate of LBWI was 12.7% and mortality rate by weight-gestational age was lower in AGA group than SGA and LGA group. 8) A Higher mortality rate was noted in the group of lower birth weight infant, and in the group of more shortened gestational age. 9) 48.8% of death occured within 1 st day of birth. The common causes of death were respiratory distress syndrome, asphyxia, and apnea.
Key Words: Low birth weight infants

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