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A Clinical Study of Bronchial Asthma in Children

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1993;36(9):1291-1299.
Published online September 15, 1993.
A Clinical Study of Bronchial Asthma in Children
Seung Hee Park, Myung Ik Lee, Don Hee Ahn, Keun Chan Sohn
Department of Pediatrics, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
기관지 천식 입원 환아에 대한 임상적 고찰
박승희, 이명익, 안돈희, 손근찬
국립의료원 소아과
Abstract
This report is a clinical analysis and comparative study with previous report of bronchial asthma at National Medical Center on bronchial asthma in children who were admitted to the MP dept. of national Medical Center from January 1987 to December 1990. The results of the study were as follows: 1) The out-break ratio of bronchial asthma is 3.7% of hopitalized children which is no change that about 4% since 1980. 2) The children under 6 years of age was 62.7% which among under 3 years was 33.1%. The rate of under 3 year children is increased as previous study. 3) The out-break of bronchial asthma was most common in September and October and so peak incidence was noted in fall and duration of hospitalization was most 2 weeks. 4) Familial allergic history was positive in 54.6% and bronchial asthma was most common. the presence of allergic past history was 52.5% and atopic dermatitis was most common. 5) Eosinophilia was found in 80.8% and elevated IgE was also in 61.6% of bronchial asthma. 6) We could get positive results of IgE RAST and skin test: D pteronyssinus, D. Farinae, Houst dust. 7) The most frequent findings of the chest radiograph were within normal limits. 8) The clinical improvement rate of bronchial asthma is 52.5%.
Key Words: Bronchial asthma, Children


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