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A Case of Septic Arthritis due to Haemophilus influenzae associated with Atypical Kawasaki Disease

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(10):1441-1445.
Published online October 15, 1999.
A Case of Septic Arthritis due to Haemophilus influenzae associated with Atypical Kawasaki Disease
Sun Mi Yang, Jun Yun, Hea Kyoung Lee, Young Hee Yu, Hyun Sook Lee
Department of Pediatrics Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul, Korea
비정형 가와사끼병과 동반된 Haemophilus influenzae에 associated with Atypical Kawasaki Disease
양선미, 윤준, 이혜경, 유영희, 이현숙
한국보훈병원 소아과
Sun Mi Yang, Email: 1
We report a case of septic arthritis due to H. influenzae associated with atypical Kawasaki disease. A 2-year-old boy was admitted to our orthopedic department due to limping gait of the right leg. CT finding of right hip joint revealed fluid collection. He was diagnosed as transient synovitis and septic arthritis. He was treated with antibiotics, but no incision nor drainage was performed. During the antibiotics therapy, limping gait subsided, but high fever, skin rash and lip fissure developed. Echocardiographic finding showed both coronary artery aneurysms. We diagnosed the boy's condition as atypical Kawasaki disease, and treated it with intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) and aspirin. Even, with the use of IVIG, fever was persistent. A second IVIG was tried, but fever did not subside. An MRI of right hip joint was followed up. The finding was consistent with septic arthritis associated with osteomyelitis of the right femur head. An incision and drainage was performed on the right hip joint, and the pus culture revealed β- lactamase negative H. influenzae.
Key Words: Septic arthritis, Haemophilus influenzae, Kawasaki disease

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