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A Case of Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava Detected on Fetal Echocardiography

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(11):1604-1609.
Published online November 15, 1999.
A Case of Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava Detected on Fetal Echocardiography
Jin Lee1, Young-Yoo Kim1, Youn-Soo Lee2, Jong-Chul Shin3, Jong-Wan Kim1, Chung-Sik Chun1, Kyung-Tai Whang1
1Department of Pediatrics, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pathology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
태아심장초음파로 진단된 좌심방 유입형 잔존 좌측 상대정맥 1례
이진1, 김영유1, 이연수2, 신종철3, 김종완1, 전정식1, 황경태1
1가톨릭대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2가톨릭대학교 의과대학 해부병리학교실
3가톨릭대학교 의과대학 산부인과학교실
Correspondence: 
Jong-Wan Kim, Email: 1
Abstract
We experienced a case of persistent left superior vena cava draining into the common atrium in a fetus of 26-year-old primigravida. Persistent left superior vena cava is derived from the left cardinal vein. This anomalous vessel usually drains into the right atrium via the coronary sinus and has no physiologic significance. Much less frequently, the left superior vena cava drains directly into the left atrium and it is associated with complex heart anomalies such as atrial septal defect, absence of coronary sinus, double outlet right ventricle, transposition of great arteries and asplenia syndrome. Fetal echocardiography showed an abnormal vessel draining into common atrium in a fetus with complex heart anomalies. It had a different direction from right superior vena cava or pulmonary veins in its traveling. We report a case with autosy findings.
Key Words: Persistent left superior vena cava, Fetal echocardiography


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