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Clinical Observation on Accidents for Infant and Childhood Who Visited the Emergency Room in the Wonju Christian Hospital from Kangwon Area.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1981;24(10):957-967.
Published online October 15, 1981.
Clinical Observation on Accidents for Infant and Childhood Who Visited the Emergency Room in the Wonju Christian Hospital from Kangwon Area.
Seong Ku Kim, Duk Jin Yun
Department of Medical Science the Graduate School, Yonsei University, Korea.
강원지역의 우발사고 환아에 대한 임상적 관찰
김성구, 윤덕진
연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Accidents have become one of the most important problem in the pediatric and child health field because of the recently observed high incidence of and mortality from accidents. Due to an improvement of the living standard in general and especially due to the wide application of vaccination and antibiotics, there has been a decline of incidence of infectious diseases in childhood. However, in contrast accidents have occurred increasingly involving childhood recently. Many accidents have been recognized as being preventible. Therefore, parental health education should be emphasized as one of the more important preventive measures against accidents. This clinical study was carried out for analysis on 1,297 cases which were diagnosed as accidents at the emergency room in Wonju Christian Hospital during the 5 years, from Jan. 1, 1975 to Dec. 31, 1979. The results were as follows: 1. The most common type of accidents was traffic accidents which accounted for 393 cases(30.4%) of the total accidents, followed by falls(233 cases, 18.0%), burns(209 cases, 16.1%), trauma(199 cases, 15.3%), poisoning(126 cases, 9.7%), foreign body aspiration(42 cases, 3.4%), dog bites(30 cases, 2.3%), drowning and near drowning(24 cases, 1.6%). 2. An absolute number of accident patients increased in each year compared with the previous year. However, the child accident case found in the emergency room showed only 30% annually. 3. Traffic accidents and falls showed the highest incidence in children between 4 and 7 years. On the other hand, however, burn and foreign body aspiration showed the highest incidence between 2and 5 years. 4. Accidents were found more in males than females. Falls, drowning, near drowning, and snake bites were prodominantly in males. 5. Accidents were shown higher in summer and autumn and relatively lower in winter. 6. Sedans among all the various vehicles were the most common cause of traffic accidents (25.4%), followed by trucks(20.4%) and autobicycles(15.8%). 7. Falls occurred mostly at the play ground(13.3%), stairs(10.3%), roofs(8.6%) and trees(3.9%). 8. Scalding burns(64.8%) were the most common cause, followed by flame burns(13.3%) and coal briquet(3.9%). 9. In trauma, violence(24.1%) was the most common cause. Accidental injuries caused by farmer's tools(12.0%), hitting with stone(11.2%) and injury with pieces of glass(9.5%) followed in that order. 10. In poisoning, carbon monoxide intoxication and insecticides were the most common 26.2% in each, followed by D.D.S.(16.7%) and pestides(9.5%). 11. The most common material aspirated was coins(78.6%), followed by pins(95%) and buttons(4.7%). 12. 1,024 cases(78.9%) among 1,297 cases showed improvement. 65 cases(5.0%) expired and 64 cases(4.9%) had some complications.
Key Words: Accidents, Traffic accident, Fall, Burn, Trauma, Poisoning, Foreign body aspiration

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