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A Clinical Study on Infantile Spasms with Vigabatrin Therapy

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(2):233-238.
Published online February 15, 1999.
A Clinical Study on Infantile Spasms with Vigabatrin Therapy
Seung Jung Oh, Sung Gun Park, Hyun Ho Kang, Sa Jun Chung
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
Vigabatrin치료를 받은 영아연축 환아에 대한 임상적 고찰
오승정, 박성근, 강현호, 정사준
경희대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
: Infantile spasms are considered an age-specific and malignant epilepsy. It is not controlled easily by general anticonvulsants. Therefore, this study aimed to assess vigabatrin(VGT) efficacy in infantile spasms.
: From January 1992 to December 1995, 35 children with infantile spasms, who were diagnosed at Kyung Hee University Hospital and treated vigabatrin, were analyzed retrospectively.
: The ratio of male to female was 1.7 : 1.2) Mean age at onset of infantile spasms was 7.6¡¾3.4 months old and mean duration from onset of the disease to the beginning of the treatment was 2.4 months. Mean duration of vigabatrin treatment was 24.2 months. The most common type of infantile spasms was the flexion type with 26 cases(74.3%). Cryptogenic group had 13 cases and symptomatic group 22 cases. The most common causes were tuberous sclerosis, agyria-pachygyria, brain atrophy and hygroma(each are 4 cases). Among vigabatrin monotherapy (15 cases), complete cessation of seizure were 2 cases and 99-75% seizure reduction was 6 cases and among vigabatrin add-on therapy(20 cases), complete cessation was 4 cases and 99-75% seizure reduction was 6 cases. The most common combined anticonvulsant used was prednisolone.
: The effectiveness of vigabatrin in infantile spasms was good due to more than 75% reduction in seizure frequency in 51.4% of cases. Vigabatrin should be used in refractory infantile spasms.
Key Words: Infantile spasm, Vigabatrin

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