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Survey of Harada Scoring of Occurrence of Coronary Aneurysm in Kawasaki Disease Compared to Current Criteria

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(7):928-935.
Published online July 15, 1999.
Survey of Harada Scoring of Occurrence of Coronary Aneurysm in Kawasaki Disease Compared to Current Criteria
Chang Kyu Nam, Yong Wook Kim, Ki Bok Kim
Department of Pediatrics, Kwangju Christian Hospital, Kwangju, Korea
Kawasaki병에서 관상동맥 병변 발생의 예측지표로서 Harada Score와 국내 보험기준의 유용성에 관한 고찰
남창규, 김용옥, 김기복
광주기독병원 소아과
Chang Kyu Nam, Email: 1
: Gamma-globulin is effective in preventing coronary aneurysm, the primary complication of Kawasaki disease(KD). However, in order to predict high-risk cases which absolutely require γ-globulin, because of its high expenses, Harada score(HS) was introduced in Japan in 1990. We attempted to compare HS scoring with the health insurance criteria currently used in Korea.
: Retrospective studies were performed on 123 cases who did not receive γ-globulin among 283 KD patients who had been treated in this hospital from 1990 to 1997. Chi-square analyses were used.
: Of the 123 subjects, 91(74%) had HS scores higher than 4, and 32(26%) had HS less than 4, whereas 56(45.5%) belonged to the high-risk group and 67(54.5%) to the low-risk group according to the insurance criteria, with both methods differing significantly(P<0.001). Of 18 cases with the coronary complications only 2 cases had an HS<4, whereas 4 patients belonged to the low-risk group. Even though both methods did not differ significantly in discriminating risky cases, twice as many patients may have been denied adequate treatment if the insurance criteria had been applied. Of various factors, the age and albumin level were found relevant to the coronary complication.
: No statistically significant difference was found between HS and the insurance criteria in predicting the incidence of coronary complications in 123 KD patients. But a less lenient criteria used in the current health insurance policy may result in more cases with coronary complications.
Key Words: Kawasaki disease, Coronary aneurysm, Harada score, Korean health insurance criteria

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