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Adolescent Depression in a Provincial City

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2000;43(2):172-178.
Published online February 15, 2000.
Adolescent Depression in a Provincial City
Ki Young Ryoo, Young Kyu Shin, Baik Lin Eun, Sang Hee Park, Young Chang Tocko
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
수도권 지역 청소년들의 우울증
유기영, 신영규, 은백린, 박상희, 독고영창
고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Abstract
Purpose
: Most studies of depression in adolescents, have been conducted in western countries. Accordingly, we took a survey in the city of Ansan to discover the actual state of depression in adolescents and found a solution.
Methods
: Twelve questions of modified diagnostic criteria for DSM-Ⅳ(Diagonstic and Statistical Mannual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed.) major depressive disorder were filled out by 1,158 middle and high school students in Asan. The diagnosis of depression was made when more than six of 12 items were positive and the diagnosis of depressed mood, irritable mood, or loss of interest or pleasure was made when at least one of them was positive.
Results
: There were 71 students(6.2%) who had major depression. Depressed mood was highly prevalent among Ansan teenagers(12.3%). Girls showed(20.8%) more symptoms than boys(16.7%). One hundred-five students(9.1%) thought seriously about attempting suicide.
Conclusion
: Depression and depressed moods are more highly prevalent among Ansan adolescents than American adolescents. So we point to the importance of broad screening of depression in this vulnerable population.
Key Words: Adolescents, Depression, Suicide


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