Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2000;43(7):942-951.
Published online July 15, 2000.
Induction of Apoptosis of Ewing`s Sarcoma Cells by Regulating Fusion Protein Expression
Ho Keun Yi, Ran Ju Kim, Dae Yeol Lee, Jung Soo Kim, Pyoung Han Hwang
Department of Pediatrics, Institute for Medical Sciences, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Chonju, Chonbuk, Korea
융합단백질의 발현억제에 의한 Ewing 육종 세포의 Apoptosis 유도
이호근, 김란주, 이대열, 김정수, 황평한
전북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실, 의과학연구소
Pyoung Han Hwang, Email:
: Fusion genes(EWS-Fli-1 and EWS-erg ) function as transcription activators and are essential for maintaining tumorigenic properties in Ewing`s sarcoma cells. Several reports have noted that Ets family transcription factors bind with CBP(CREB binding protein) in vitro. To understand the interaction of fusion proteins and CBP, we studied the CBP protein in TC135 cells expressing the EWS-Fli-1 gene. We also studied the hypothesis that downregulation of fusion gene expression may induce susceptibility to apoptosis in Ewing`s sarcoma cells.
: For targeting fusion proteins, we reconstructed the antisense EWS-fli-1, EWS-erg and CBP genes in pcDNA3, and transfected these genes to Ewing`s sarcoma cells showing high levels of expression for Ve3 and 5838 genes. These vectors were transfected to cells by the calcium phosphate method, and transformed cells were selected using G418. We measured DNA fragments for apoptosis using FACScan. We used crystal violet staining and MTT assay to evaluate cell viability, and Western blot analysis was used to assess CBP gene expression. Results : Cells transfected with antisense fusion genes Ve3 and 5838 showed inhibition of fusion protein expression. These cells also showed decreased cell viability. Susceptibility to apoptosis was induced by treatment with chemotherapeutic agents at low concentrations. Antisense CBP -transfected cells showed loss of cell viability in 0.1% and 0.5% serum. This loss of cell viability was similar to the response by antisense fusion protein-transfected cells treated with chemotherapeutic agents at low concentrations.
: Our results suggest that fusion proteins and CBP co-regulate apoptosis in Ewing`s sarcoma cells. Antisense fusion gene therapy may be an useful adjunct in combining with chemotherapeutic regimens to downregulate the expression of fusion proteins in Ewing`s sarcoma.
Key Words: Ewing`s sarcoma, EWS-fusion protein, Antisense, Apoptosis

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