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Early Results of Stent Implantation in Branch Pulmonary Artery Stenosis after Tetralogy of Fallot Repair

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2000;43(10):1343-1349.
Published online October 15, 2000.
Early Results of Stent Implantation in Branch Pulmonary Artery Stenosis after Tetralogy of Fallot Repair
Sung Kyu Lee1, Sang Hun Lee1, Jae Young Lee1, Su Jin Kim1, Mi Young Han1, Do Jun Cho1, In Seung Park1, Eun Jung Bae2, Sung Ho Kim3
1Departtment of Pediatrics, Sejong Hospital, Puchon, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Gachon Medical College, Inchon, Korea
Fallot 4징 수술 후 분지 폐동맥 협착에서 스텐트 시술의 조기 성적
이성규1, 이상훈1, 이재영1, 김수진1, 한미영1, 조도준1, 박인승1, 배은정2, 김성호3
1세종병원 소아과
2서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
3가천의과대학 소아과
: Pulmonary artery stenosis is mainly complicated by aortopulmonary shunt or total correction of tetralogy of Fallot(TOF). Results of surgical angioplasty are poor and the success rate of balloon angioplasty is 53-72%. Endovascular stents have been applied to these lesions. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the early results of stent implantation in postoperative pulmonary artery stenosis in TOF.
: Nineteen children with postoperative pulmonary artery stenosis were selected and balloon-expandable stent implantation was attempted between May 1994 and Feb 2000. For assessment of the results of stent implantation, the intraluminal diameter and the pressure gradient across the narrowest point were measured, as were the ratio of a right ventricle and aorta pressure, and a radionuclide lung perfusion scan was done before and after the procedure.
: Nineteen stents were implanted in 19 children, aged 2.3 years to 25.5 years. The inccrease of vessel diameter ranged from 5.0¡¾1.4mm to 10.7¡¾2.1mm, pulmonary perfusion ratio from 16.7¡¾5.3% to 29.2¡¾10.0% and pressure gradients from 28.0¡¾18.0 to 11.0¡¾11.0mmHg with stent implantation. The systolic pressure ratio of the right ventricle and aorta decreased from 0.55¡¾0.16 to 0.45¡¾0.14. All above changes were statistically significant. Implantation failure occurred in 1 case and complications arose in 4 cases.
: The success rate of stent implantation is 94.2%. Stent implantation is an effective and safe treatment method for postoperative pulmonary artery stenosis of TOF in short-term follow-up.
Key Words: Branch pulmonary artery stenosis, Stent, Tetralogy of fallot

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