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Morphologic Changes of the Pulmonary Arteries after Stent Implantation on Branch Pulmonary Artery Stenosis - Impact of Pulmonary Insufficiency -

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2003;46(1):67-75.
Published online January 15, 2003.
Morphologic Changes of the Pulmonary Arteries after Stent Implantation on Branch Pulmonary Artery Stenosis - Impact of Pulmonary Insufficiency -
Me Jin Kim, Du Cheol Kang, Jae Young Choi, Jong Kyun Lee, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Yonsei Cardiovascular Hospital and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
폐동맥 분지협착에 스텐트 삽입 후 유발되는 폐동맥의 형태변화 - 폐동맥 폐쇄 부전의 역할 -
김미진, 강두철, 최재영, 이종균, 설준희, 이승규
연세대학교 의과대학 심장혈관병원 소아심장과, 심혈관 연구소
Correspondence: 
Jong Kyun Lee, Email: jklee2@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: Intravascular stent implantation for the treatment of postoperative branch pulmonary artery(PA) stenosis has been used successfully. However, the cross sectional area of contralateral branch PA does not regress in spite of the successful dilation of the stenotic branch PA after stent implantation. We analyzed the morphologic and hemodynamic factors on the size of branch PA after successful stent implantation.
Methods
: The subjects in our study were 23 children who had undergone stent implantaion from Jan. 1995 to Jul. 2002 in the Division of Yonsei Pediatric Cardiology. We evaluated the cross sectional area index(CSAI) of branch PA before and after stent implantation at follow-up catheterization. We also investigated factors such as residual pulmonary stenosis, pulmonary regurgitation(PR), systolic pressure of right ventricle, and lung perfusion scan.
Results
: The CSAI of the RPA without stenosis changed from mean 238?7 mm2/BSA to mean 249?0 mm2/BSA(P=0.47), but didn't regress. The CSAI of the LPA with stenosis was increased effectively by stent implantation from the mean 102?2 mm2/BSA to mean 125?1 mm2/BSA(P< 0.05). At follow up after stent implantation, the CSAI of PA is correlated with the residual PR fraction after stent implantation.
Conclusion
: In a group with increased residual PR, CSAI of RPA was found to be significantly increased between the pre- and post-stages of stent implantation. So, we suspect that the pulmonary regurgitation remaining after right ventricle outlet tract(RVOT) dilatation surgery is correlated with the increase in CSAI of RPA.
Key Words: Branch pulmonary artery stenosis, Stent implantation, Pulmonary regurgitation


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