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An Infant with Vertical Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Detected Due to Failure to Thrive

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2001;44(5):592-596.
Published online May 15, 2001.
An Infant with Vertical Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Detected Due to Failure to Thrive
Byung Wook Eun1, Ho Kyung Lim2, Yun Kyung Kim1, Yuong Ho Kwak1, Jung Youn Hong1, He Sun Jung1, Kyung Mo Kim3, Hoan Jong Lee3
1Departments of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Jungang Univeirsity, Korea
3Departments of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, College of Medicine, Ulsan University
성장부전으로 인하여 발견된 HIV 수직감염 1례
은병욱1, 임호경2, 김윤경1, 곽영호1, 홍정연1, 정혜선1, 김경모3, 이환종3
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2중앙대학교 의과대학 용산병원 소아과
3울산대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Hoan Jong Lee, Email: hoanlee@plaza.snu.ac.kr
Abstract
Five to fifteen percent of patients affected by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) are children in developing countries. In Korea, most of HIV infections in children have been transfusion-related, and cases of vertical transmission have been very rare so far and are usually suspected due to a maternal positive history. We experienced a case of vertical transmission of HIV in a 19 month- old girl, incidentally diagnosed in the process of work-up for failure to thrive without suspicion from maternal HIV history. With the increasing number of adult HIV patients in Korea, HIV infection should be included in the differential diagnosis of children with symptoms compatible with HIV infection even when parental HIV history is not suggestive.
Key Words: Vertical transmission, HIV infection, Failure to thrive, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


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