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Survey on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2001;44(6):642-653.
Published online June 15, 2001.
Survey on Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children
Seok Won Park1, Hwang Min Kim1, Jong Soo Kim1, Kyu Earn Kim2
1Department of Pediatrics, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea
소아 상기도 감염에 대한 설문 조사
박석원1, 김황민1, 김종수1, 김규언2
1연세대학교 원주의과대학 소아과학교실
2연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Jong Soo Kim, Email: pdy1013@wonju.yonsei.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: Recently, the numbers of non-pediatric doctors' giving medical treatment to children has shown a tendency to increase, especially in case of upper respiratory infection(URI) and it's complications such as tonsillitis, sinusitis and otitis media. Therefore we surveyed parents on children's URI and complications to find out parents' general understandings on pediatric treatment, what kind of pediatric treatment they prefer, and thus what we should improve in pediatric treatment of URI.
Methods
: We surveyed 1,000 parents, randomly sampled from 10 kindergartens in Wonju and Seoul during 2 months from June to July, 2000. We collected statistics on 708 answers. The survey consisted of 7 parts - Personal information, General opinions on URI, Nasal cold, Throat cold, Cough, Otitis media and Use of antimicrobial agents.
Results
: Most of the respondants were 36 to 40 years old(36.7%), and were women(men : women= 1 : 8.8). 17.5% thought newborn to pre-school, 53.1%, newborn to elementary school children, 23.7 %, newborn to middle school children should see pediatricians. 67.8% went to see a pediatrician first when their children catch cold. 75.7% didn't know the difference between sinusitis and empyema(chuknong syndrome), and if their children have empyema, 95.5% of them answered they would go to see ENT doctors. 69.5% answered that tonsillectomy is essential or in some degree effective in preventing colds. 57.6% thought weak a bronchus causes chronic cough, 22% thought post-nasal drip causes chronic cough. 41.8% thought doctors abused antimicrobial agents in giving medical treatment on colds, whereas only 12.4% thought doctors didn't abuse antimicrobial agents.
Conclusion
: Parents were fond of non-pediatric treatment according to symptoms and diagnosis. Also, many parents had incorrect understandings of URI and it's complications of their children. Therefore we think all pediatricians and Pediatric Society should give active and proper education on this matter.
Key Words: Survey, Upper respiratory infections


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