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High-dose Intravenous Immune Globulin Retreatment in Kawasaki Disease

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2002;45(10):1273-1277.
Published online October 15, 2002.
High-dose Intravenous Immune Globulin Retreatment in Kawasaki Disease
So Yun Shim, Mi Young Heo, Hae Soon Kim, Sejung Sonh
Department of Pediatrics, Ewha Womans University M edical School, Seoul, Korea
가와사끼병에서의 고용량 정주용 면역글로불린 재치료
심소연, 허미영, 김혜순, 손세정
이화여자대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Hae Soon Kim, Email: hyesk@ewha.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: To determine clinical features, laboratory findings and cardiac abnormalities of highdose immune globulin(IVIG) retreatment in patients with Kawasaki disease, and to report effectiveness of retreatment.
Methods
: Retrospective study of 174 children diagnosed with Kawasaki disease at Ewha Mokdong hospital from March, 1999 to July, 2001.
Results
: Twenty(11.5%) of 174 patients were retreated with high-dose IVIG. After this, only two patients(1.1%) did not respond to IVIG retreatment. Patients with failure to respond to initial IVIG did not differ from the patients who responded to a single course of IVIG in sex, age, days of fever at initial IVIG and clinical characteristics. Compared with responders with single IVIG treatment, the patients who were retreated had significantly lower albumin(3.7 vs 3.4 g/dL, P < 0.05), higher ALT(118.2 vs 229.3 U/L, P < 0.05) and CRP(8.9 vs 13.3 mg/dL, P < 0.05). On echocardiography, patients who recieved IVIG retreatment were significantly more likely to have caronary abnormalities(45.0% vs 13.6%, P < 0.05).
Conclusion
: Retratment with IVIG for persistent or recurrent fever was safe and effective.
Key Words: Kawasaki disease, Intravenous immune globulin retreatment


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