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The Natural Course and Size Change of Atrial Septal Defect Secundum

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2003;46(9):871-875.
Published online September 15, 2003.
The Natural Course and Size Change of Atrial Septal Defect Secundum
Deok Young Choi, Jae Young Choi, Mi Jin Kim, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Yonsei Cardiovascular Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
단순 이차성 심방 중격 결손의 자연 경과와 성장에 따른 결손의 크기 변화
최덕영, 최재영, 김미진, 설준희, 이승규
연세대학교 의과대학 심장혈관병원 소아심장과
Correspondence: 
Sung Kyu Lee, Email: cjy0122@unitel.co.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: This study was performed to follow the natural course and size change of isolated atrial septal defect(ASD) secundum.
Methods
: Among the newly diagnosed with ASD secundum at the division of pediatric cardiology in Yonsei cardiovascular hospital from January 1996 to December 2000, 89 patients with pure ASD secundum were checked by the serial echocardiographic evaluation to measure the size change.
Results
: There was a statistical difference(P<0.05) in the rate of spontaneous closure and size change of the defect between the group of bigger defect(>8 mm) and the group of smaller defect (≤8 mm). There was also a statistical difference(P<0.05) in the rate of spontaneous closure and size change of the defect between the group of younger than three years of age and the group of older than three years of age. The initial size of the defect and change of size were the significant influencing factors in the rate of spontaneous closing of ASD. In the group of patients who have persistent ASD, the size of defect showed a tendency of increasing size of defect with the age(P<0.005); however in the correction of these values by the body surface area of each patients, there was no statistical difference.
Conclusion
: The possibility of spontaneous closure of pure ASD secundum was higher in the group of patients who have smaller defect and who were younger. The ASD secundum that did not have spontaneous closure showed an increase in size with the growth of the patients; however when this size was corrected by the body surface area, there was no statistical difference. The closure of the defect was at 26.2 months of age so close follow-up of the patients is important.
Key Words: Atrial septal defect(ASD) secundum, Size change, Body surface area


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