Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2005;48(6):649-654.
Published online June 15, 2005.
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Monitoring Cerebral Hemodynamics in Hyperbilirubinemia-induced Newborn Piglets
Jong Hee Hwang, Chang Won Choi, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
고빌리루빈혈증이 유도된 신생자돈에서 근적외석 발광기를 이용한 뇌 혈역학적 변화에 대한 연구
황종희, 최창원, 장윤실, 박원순
성균관대학교 의과대학 삼성서울병원 소아과
Yun Sil Chang, Email: yschang@smc.samsung.co.kr
: The present study examined how changes in cerebral hemodynamics in newborn piglets with bilirubin infusion can be evaluated by near infrared sepctroscopy(NIRS).
: Seventeen newborn piglets were randomly divided into the following three experimental groups : six in the control group(CG); seven in the bilirubin infusion group(BG), and four in the bilirubin infusion with 7-nitroindazole group(NG). To achieve the concentration of bilirubin above 20 mg/dL, we injected a bolus of 40 mg/kg of bilirubin intravenously, followed by 30 mg/kg/hr of bilirubin continuous intravenous infusion. All groups were monitored with cerebral hemodynamics using near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS) and their brain cortexes were harvested and the activities of Na+, K+-ATPase, level of conjugated dienes, ATP and phosphocreatine(PCr) were determined biochemically.
: No changes took place in CG. In BG and NG, base excess, pH, and MABP decreased, and lactate level in blood increased. Cerebral Na+, K+-ATPase activity and ATP, PCr level in BG significantly decreased and conjugated dienes increased compared to CG. These abnormalities observed in the BG were significantly improved in the NG. In continuous NIRS monitoring, [HbO2], [HbT], and [HbD] in BG were significantlly decreased compared to CG. However these abnormalities between NG and CG were not significantly different. There were no significant differences in ScO2 between the study groups.
: Our study suggests cerebral hemodynamic changes could be monitored by non- invasive NIRS in newborn piglets with bilirubin infusion.
Key Words: Jaundice , Hyperbilirubinemia , Kernicterus , Near infrared spectroscopy , Piglet

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