Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2005;48(8):779-805.
Published online August 15, 2005.
Hypothyroidism
Jong Duck Kim
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
갑상선 저하증
김종덕
원광대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Jong Duck Kim, Email: kjd20104@wonkwang.ac.kr
Abstract
Hypothyroidism is a deficiency in thyroid hormone secretion by the thyroid gland and a defect in thyroid hormonal receptor activity. It is categorized by the two major forms in children, the one is congenital hypothyroidism and the other is acquired hypothyroidism. Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the commonest treatable causes of mental retardation and occurs in 1 in 3,000-4,000 infants worldwide. Acquired hypothyroidism is a diseases that have an onset usually after 6 months of age and it may be relate to deceleration in linear growth. The objectives of this article are obtain general and practical concepts of congenital and acquired hypothyroidism during infancy, childhood, and adolescence.
Key Words: Congenital , Acquired , Hypothyroidism


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