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New Nutritional Concepts of Vitamins and Minerals

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2005;48(12):1295-1309.
Published online December 15, 2005.
New Nutritional Concepts of Vitamins and Minerals
Hee-Shang Youn
Department of Pediatrics, Gyeongsang National University College of Medicine, Jinju, Korea
비타민과 무기질의 새로운 영양학적 의미
윤희상
경상대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Hee-Shang Youn, Email: hsyoun@gsnu.ac.kr
Abstract
Nowadays, the nutritional deficits are rarely seen in Korea. However, an increased availability of the highly palatable energy dense, nutrient-poor foods increases the risks of obesity and deficits of vitamins and minerals in the general population. Also, optimum intake of vitamins and minerals, which varies with age and genetic back ground, might not suffice the poor, young, obese, and elderly people. Young girls and individuals participating in weight reductions and aesthetic components are prone to micronutrient deficiencies because they restrict food intake and specific micronutrient rich foods. An inadequate intake of vitamins or minerals is associated with reduced physical performance and exercise capacity, increased obesity, decreased cognitive function, increased DNA damages such as single- and double-stranded breaks or oxidative DNA lesions, and accelerated aging process and increased neuronal damages with mitochondrial oxidative decay. Most of these deleterious effects of the deficit could be prevented by a one tablet of multivitamins with a good balanced diet. High dose B vitamins are frequently administered to overcome the metabolic inadequacy to the people with the less functional enzymes with increased Km values for their coenzymes due to the single gene mutation or due to the single nucleotide polymorphisms. And some certain antioxidant vitamins are also used in large quantities to overcome the oxidative stress and to repair the damages. In this review, new nutritional concepts of some vitamins and minerals, which are widely used and useful for the children, will be discussed.
Key Words: Vitamin, Mineral, Ascorbic acid, Zinc


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