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Acute renal failure in pediatrics

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2007;50(10):948-953.
Published online October 15, 2007.
Acute renal failure in pediatrics
Hyewon Hahn
Department of Pediatrics, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
소아의 급성 신부전증
한혜원
을지대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Hyewon Hahn, Email: petercat67@empal.com
Abstract
Acute renal failure is the generic term for an abrupt and sustained decrease in renal function resulting in retention of nitrogenous and non nitrogenous waste product. This may results in life threatening consequences including volume overload, hyperkalemia, and metabolic acidosis. Acute renal failure is both common and carries high mortality rate, but as it is often preventable, identification of patients at risk and and appropriate management are crucial. This review summarized the most recent information on definition, epidemiology, clinical causes and management of acute renal failure in pediatric patients.
Key Words: Acute renal failure, Pediatric patients


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