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Effects of an intensive asthma education program on asthmatic children and their caregivers

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2008;51(2):188-203.
Published online February 15, 2008.
Effects of an intensive asthma education program on asthmatic children and their caregivers
Kang Jin Seo1, Gun Ha Kim1, Byung Keun Yu1, Yun Ku Yeo1, Jong Hoon Kim2, Eu Ddeum Shim2, Mi Ri Yoon2, Young Yoo1, Ji Tae Choung1
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Medical School, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea
천식 환아와 보호자를 대상으로 한 집중 교육 프로그램의 효과
서강진1, 김건하1, 유병근1, 여윤구1, 김종훈2, 심으뜸2, 윤미리2, 유영1, 정지태1
1고려대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2고려대학교 의과대학 의학과
Correspondence: 
Ji Tae Choung, Email: jt42525@korea.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: Asthma is one of the most common chronic childhood disease. Education of asthmatic children and their families about asthma and its management may improve disease control, reduce symptoms, and improve school performance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of an intensive asthma education program in asthmatic children and their families on outcome measure of asthma management behavior scale, knowledge about asthma, self efficacy scale and quality of life.
Methods
: Fifteen asthmatic children and their families were invited the intensive asthma education program which including allergen avoidance, management of asthma, correct use of the inhalation devices and control of exercise-induced asthma (study group). Fifteen asthmatic children and their families those who did not participate this program were served as control group. Participants were asked to complete a written questionnaire before and 3-month after the program.
Results
: After completing the intensive education program, significant improvement of the childrens asthma management behavior scale (27.1 vs. 32.2, P=0.011), belief and knowledge about asthma (14.2 vs. 17.9, P<0.001), self efficacy (47.9 vs. 49.7, P=0.091) and quality of life (79.6 vs. 88.6, P<0.001) was noted in the study group by measuring questionnaires. There are increasing tendencies in parental asthma management behavior scale and knowledge about asthma.
Conclusion
: This intensive asthma education program is effective in improving asthma control, self efficacy and quality of life of asthmatic children. This should serve as a national model for family- based programs for asthmatic children and their families.
Key Words: Asthma, Patient education, Children, Family, Disease management, Behavior, Knowledge, Self efficacy, Quality of life


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