Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2009;52(10):1103-1108.
Published online October 15, 2009.
A study on the utilization of complementary and alternative medicine for elementary children
Young Joon Ahn, Eun Young Kim, Kyung Rye Moon
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwang-ju, Korea
학동기 소아에서 보완대체요법의 이용실태
안영준, 김은영, 문경래
조선대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Kyung Rye Moon, Email: krmoon@chosun.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: Recently, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been increasingly used in children. Studies have shown that 34% of adults and 11% of children use CAM in the USA and Canada. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and patterns of CAM use in elementary children in Korea.
Methods
: From July to August 2007, parents of elementary children completed a questionnaire survey at Gwang-ju. In all, 794 questionnaires were analyzed.
Results
: Of the 794 respondents, 278 answered that their pupils (35%) had experienced CAM. The following types of CAM therapy were used: herbal medicine, 62.5% dietary supplements, 31.2% vitamins, 30.2% and acupuncture, 11.1%. CAM therapies were used for the following diseases: nutritional deficiency, 33.3% atopic dermatitis, 31.3% arthralgia, 31.3% allergic rhinitis, 28.8% obesity, 26.3% and asthma. The following were the motives to use CAM: prevention of diseases (33.5%), dissatisfaction with modern medicine (21.2%), and complementary therapy to modern medicine (20.5 %). People gained information about CAM through neighbors (65%) and mass media (21%). Moreover, 83 parents (30 %) were satisfied with CAM because of its effectiveness.
Conclusion
: Many parents have advocated the use of CAM in their children. However, most of them used CAM without any prescription or adequate knowledge. Further studies are required to determine the efficacy of CAM.
Key Words: Complementary and alternative medicine, Elementary children


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