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A Study on Noninvasive Measurement of Blood Pressure in Normal Newborn.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1989;32(9):1216-1223.
Published online September 30, 1989.
A Study on Noninvasive Measurement of Blood Pressure in Normal Newborn.
Eun Hee Lee, Ran Namgung, Chul Lee, Dong Gwan Han
Departmentof Pediatrics, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul Korea
비관혈적 방법에 의한 신생아 혈압측정에 관한연구
이은희, 남궁란, 이철, 한동관
연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Received: 25 February 1989   • Accepted: 20 April 1989
Abstract
Measurement of blood pressure in neonate is an important diagnostic procedure. But measurement of blood pressure were not performed routinely because of difficulty in measuring blood pressure and variable normal range according to measuring apparatus. Recently some accurate and convinient apparatuses of measuring blood pressure have been introduced in neonatal care, so normal blood pressure values of neonate are needed. In this study, we establish the normal range of blood pressure in neonates and compared the right and left upper extremity, and upper and lower extremity blood pressures. We examined 300 newborns, aging one day to seven day, delivered in Severance Hospital using two oscillometric device. The results could be summerized as the followings: 1) Mean values of systolic pressure measurements were as follows: Rt. upper extremity, 73.1 ±7.7 mmHg (range 54.3—97.0 mmHg); Lt. upper extremity, 71.8 ±7.2 mmHg (range 49.3—96.0 mmHg); Lt. lower extremity, 75.7±8.2 mmHg (range 52.0—99.0 mmHg). Mean values of diastolic pressure were as follows: Rt. upper extremity, 42.4 ±7.4 mmHg (range 25. 3—68.7 mmHg); Lt. upper extremity, 42.9±7.1 mmHg (range 24.0—69.0 mmHg); Lt. lower extremity, 41.8 ±6.2 mmHg (range 28.0—63.0 mmHg). 2) Daily measurement of systolic, diastolic and mean pressures of four limbs showed steady rise during first week of life. 3) Systolic, diastolic and mean pressures between Rt. and Lt. upper extremity showed no significant difference. 4) Systolic pressures of lower extremities were significantly higher than upper extremities, but in diastolic and mean pressures there were no significant difference between upper and lower extrem- ities.
Key Words: Blood pressure measurement, Newborn


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