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Statistical Analysis of Pediatric Diseases in Korea(1987).

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1989;32(7):885-896.
Published online July 31, 1989.
Statistical Analysis of Pediatric Diseases in Korea(1987).
Kyong Su Lee, Ki Sup Chung, Ki Yang Ryoo, Woo Gill Lee, Sang Bum Lee, Se Jin Kang, In Kyung Sung
Commitee of Statistics, The Korean Pediatric Association
소아과 입원환자 질병에 관한 통계적 관찰 (1987)
이경수, 정기섭, 유기양, 이우길, 이상범, 강세진, 성인경
대한소아과학회 통계위원회
Received: 7 June 1989   • Accepted: 7 June 1989
The Korean pediatric association is conducting the analysis of disease patterns of children by the body organ system. For the purpose of assessing the disease patterns in patients of the pediatric age in Korea, we performed a statistical analysis of diseases of patients admitted to the department of pediatrics in 36 hospitals having pediatric residency programs in 1987. The results obtained were as follows, 1) Total number of inpatients was 80,675, of which 47,620 were male and 33,055 were female and the ratio of male to female was 1.4:1. 2) Prevalence of the deseases classified by body organ system was in the following order: respira- tory system diseases; 25.4%, newborn diseases; 22.7%, digestive system diseases; 20.3%, nervous system diseases; 7.8%, infectious diseases; 6.6%, allergic and immunologic diseases; 5.0%, genitour- inary system diseases; 4.0%, cardiovascular system diseases; 3.1%, blood diseases; 2.3%, neoplasm and neoplasm-like lesions;1.7%, metabolic and endocrine system diseases; 0.9% and genetic disorders; 0.3%. 3) Major diseases in each body organ system were as follows: (1) genetic disorders: Down’s syndrome (71.6%) and Turner syndrome (5.2%). (2) newborn diseases: hematologic diseases (35.0%), premature (13.2%) and respiratory diseases (8.8%). (3) allergic and immunologic diseases: asthma (46.5%), urticaria and angioedema (12.5%), Kawa- saki disease (12.5%), allergic purpura (10.2%) and rheumatic fever (5.2%). (4) infectious diseases: measles (17.5%), infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue (11.2%) and bacteremia and septicemia (11.0%). (5) digestive system diseases: gastroenteritis/enterocolitis (71.7%), intussusception (8.7%) and congenital anomalies (3.2%). (6) respiratory system diseases: pneumonia (45.4%), acute pharyngitis/nasopharyngitis (13.1%) and bronchiolitis (10.6%). (7) cardiovascular system diseases: VSD (35.9%), ASD (9.3%), TOF (8.8%) and PDA (8.7%). (8) blood diseases: iron deficiency anemia (39.0%), ITP (11.1%) and aplastic anemia (9.9%). (9) neoplasm and neoplasm-like lesions: acute lymphocytic leukemia (45.0%), acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (14.5%), neuroblastoma (6.2%) and Wilms tumor (5.1%). (10) genitourinary system diseases: UTI (43.5%), nephrotic syndrome (15.9%) and acute glomerulonephritis (10.6%). (11) metabolic and endocrine system diseases: hypocalcemia (13.9%), hypoglycemia (11.9%) and diabetes mellitus (11.7%). (12) nervous system diseases: seizure disorders (54.3%) and infection of the nervous system (24.2%). 4) Common diseases for admission in pediatrics were in the following order: gastroenteritis/entero colitis (14.6%), pneumonia (11.5%), hematologic diseases in the newborn (7.9%), seizure disorders (4.2%), acute pharyngitis/nasopharyngitis (3.3%), premature (3.0%), bronchiolitis (2.7%), asthma (2.3 %), respiratory diseases in the newborn (2.0%), infection of the central nervous system (1.9%), croup (1.9%), intussusception (1.8%) and urinary tract infection (1.7%).
Key Words: Pediatric diseases, Statistical analysis

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