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Visual Motor Integration Abilities of Children with Learning Disorders.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1988;31(3):339-347.
Published online March 31, 1988.
Visual Motor Integration Abilities of Children with Learning Disorders.
Chang Jun Coe, Young Hyuk Lee, Jung Keun Kim
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yonsei Universtity Institute of Handicapped Children, Seoul, Korea
학습장애아동의 시각인지운동조화 (Visual-Motor Integration) 능력에 관한 비교 연구
고창준, 이영혁, 김정근
연세대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실 장애아동연구소
Received: 24 November 1987
Children with learning problems are known to a social, educational as well as neurological problems. Learning disorder is usually defined as following children with normal intelligence and without serious psychological problems experiencing serious degree of difficulty to acquire a proper skill to learn, reading, writing and calculation. These children are usually hyperactive, easily distractable, may manifests defect in visual motor integration and various soft neurologic signs. As visual perception may interfere learning as well as motor visual integration, 166 children with learning disorder were enroll to this study to estimate their abilities. And as control group, 1342 (male 651, female 691) of same age group were tested by visual-motor integration test (VMI). The VMI ability by various ages in normal male children was represented by Y=1.05x +7.7 (p< 0.001, r=0.60), while in female Y = 1.01x +13.9 (p< 0.001, r = 0.60). The mean curve of male learning disables was Y = 0.65x +23.14 (p< 0.0001, r = 0.50) and in female Y = 0.97x -14.82 (P< 0.0001, r=0.63). The VMI ability of learning disorders are much lower than that of normal children of each age group. In male children with learning disorder only 6 out of 95 manifested their VMI score about mean VMI score of normal male children of each age group while in female only 4 out of 71 had more than mean value to their ages. VMI ability is may be one of the facor which interfere the acquisition of learning skill.
Key Words: Visual motor integration test, Learning disables

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