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Clinical Studies on Childhood Bronchial Asthma.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1985;28(10):997-1006.
Published online October 31, 1985.
Clinical Studies on Childhood Bronchial Asthma.
Kwang Nam Kim, Soo Yup Lee, Ha Baik Lee, Kyu Hwan Lee, Woo Gill Lee, Keun Soo Lee
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
소아 기관지 천식에 대한 임상적 고찰
김광남, 이수엽, 이하백, 이규환, 이우길, 이근수
한양대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
The results of clinical observation and hematologic findings on 120 cases with bronchial asthma who were admitted to the department of pediatrics, Hanyang University Hospital from Mar. 1984 to Feb. 1985 were as followings: 1)As to the age distribution, 80% of total cases were under 7-year-old and the sex ratio was 2.6 . 1 with male predominance. 2)As to the seasonal incidence, bronchial asthma occurred most common in fall (37%) and it was twice as much as in winter. 3)The most common symptoms were dyspnea and coughing. Wheezing and rales were the most frequent physical findings. 4)Total eosinophil counts over 250/mm3 and the IgE level over 250lU/ml were 57% and 69% respectively among 6 cases examined. 5)Immunoglobulin study showed markedly increased IgE level in 7 cases examined. 6)On chest X-ray findings, 64% were normal, 30% showed infiltration or increased density and 5% showed emphysematous change. 7) Family history of allergic manifestations were positive in 27% of the cases and it was predominant in paternal side. In 42% of the cases revealed allergic history other than bronchial asthma. 8)There was no significant difference between types of feeding. 9)Total eosinophil counts have markedly decreased after treatment (6 cases followed-up).
Key Words: Bronchial asthma

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