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Clinical Observation on Hypertension in Hospitalized Children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1985;28(5):477-482.
Published online May 31, 1985.
Clinical Observation on Hypertension in Hospitalized Children.
Chung Il Noh, Jong Yoon Kim, Hea Il Chung, Yong Choi, Kwang Wook Ko
Department of Pediatrics,College of Medicine,Seoul National University
소아기의 고혈압
노정일, 김종윤, 정해일, 최 용, 고광욱
서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
A retrospective study of 234 children with hypertension was done. Those children were selected from the admitted patients to the pediatric ward of SNUH, from Jan. 1 st, 1972 to June 30 th, 1984. Among them, 144(61.5%) exhibited renal diseases, 17(7.3%) endocrine diseases, 15(6.4%) renovascular diseases, 12(5.1%) cardiovascular diseases, 3(1.3%) esstential hypertension, 8(3.5%) miscellaneous casuses. The most common cause among the renal diseases was chronic glomerulonephritis: among tl)e endocrine diseases, neuroblastoma; among the renovascular diseases, Takayasu arteritis. Symptoms and signs were nonspecific and, in most cases, referable to the primary diseases. A considerable number of patients (37 out of 234 patients) had the hypertension which needed surgical treatment. Renal, endocrine and neurologic diseases were predominant in 0-5 year group, renal and neurologic diseases in 6-10 year group, and renal disease in 11-15 year group, respectively.
Key Words: Hypertension in children

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