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The study on the Long-term Adimitted During 5 Years.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1985;28(3):197-205.
Published online March 31, 1985.
The study on the Long-term Adimitted During 5 Years.
Jin Keun Chang, Sung Ho Cha, Don Hee Ahn, Keun Chan Sohn
Dept, of Pediatrics, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
小兒科 長期入院患者에 對한 統計的 觀察
張辰根, 車聖臭, 安敎范, 孫樓贊
國立醫療院 小兒科
Abstract
This paper represents the statistical observation on the long-term admitted who had been hospitalized for over 3 weeks to Ped. dept. N.M.C. during the past 5 years from Jan. 78 to Dec. 82. The results were obtained as follows: 1) Total No. of inpatients during 5 years were 5,666, of which 3,274 were male(57.8%), 2,392 were female(42.2%) and male to female ratio was 1.5 : 1. 2)The overall ratio of the long-term admitted to the total admitted during 5 years was 9.9% with increasing tendency year by year. 3) In age distribution, the ages from 0 to 4 weeks was the most frequent group, which accounted for 36.7% of the long-term admitted. 4)There was no significant difference among 9 school year groups from 1st grade of primary school to 3rd grode of middle school, which accounted for 30.6% of the long-term admitted. 5) In the classification of diseases, infectious and parasitic diseases were the most frequent, 137 cases(24.6%) followed by neonatal diseases, 113 cases(20.3%) and genitourinary diseases, 70 cases(12.5%). 6)Among single diseases, prematurity was the leading diseases followed by sepsis, pneumonia, nephrotic syndrome and leukemia. 7)Among chief complaints, fever was the most frequent followed by cough and edema. 8) In the distribution of concurrent diseases, physiologic jaundice, congenital heart disease and gastroenteritis were most frequent ones in order of frequency. 9)According to the distribution of complications, pneumonia was the leading entity followed by U.T.I., sepsis and anemia. 10)Concerning the outcome, completely recovered cases were 62.9%, fairly improved cases were 24% and mortality rate was 2.9%. 11)In the distribution of duration of hospitalization, 3 weeks to 4 weeks accounted for 37.1%, 4 to 5 weeks 22,9%, 5 to 6 weeks 12.9%, 6 to 7 weeks 9.3% and over 7 weeks 13.8% respectively.
Key Words: Long-term admitted


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