Warning: fopen(/home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/upload/ip_log/ip_log_2023-05.txt) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 82

Warning: fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 83
Absence of Inferior Vena Cava.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1983;26(8):760-769.
Published online August 31, 1983.
Absence of Inferior Vena Cava.
Sun Oak Park, Chang Yee Hong
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University
下空靜脈 缺損一奇靜脈 또는 半奇靜脈과 연결을 가지는 下空靜脈의 肝下部 缺損一
朴善玉, 洪彩義
서울大學校 啓科大學 小兒科學敎室
Out of 1617 cases of congenital heart disease, who were admitted to the Pediatric ward, Seoul National University Hospital, for cardiac catheterization during recent 5 years, 20 patients with anomalous inferior vena cava were observed. Associated cardiac and extracardiac vascular anomalies were reviewed. Cardiac and visceral malposition were also analyzed. Results; 1) Incidence was 1.2% of total 1617 catheterized patients. 2) Male and female ratio was 8 : 12. 3) Age distribution by 5 years interval was as follows. 0〜5 years; 12 cases;5〜 10 years; 6 cases 10〜 15 years; 2 cases 4) Twelve cases of cardiac and visceral malposition were seen. Asplenia was associated in 4 cases. Dextrocardia with situs inversus: 5 cases** Levocardia with situs inversus or ambiguus: 7 cases** 5) Associated cardiac anomalies; Cyanotic C.H.D. 13 cases Acyanotic C.H.D.; 7 cases Single atrium 5 V.S.D. 5 Cor-biloculare 4 A.S.D. 2 Single ventricle 1 T.G.A. 1 T.O.F. 1 D.O.R.V, 1 6) In 3 cases, right mediastinal mass like shadow was observed. In lateral film, absence of LV.C. shadow below right atrium was recognized in 4 cases. 7) Arrhythmia, including 1 case of coronary sinus rhythm was noted on EKG in 7 cases 8) In 15 cases, the venous drainage was through azygos vein and in 5 cases through hemiazygos vein. 9) Persistent left superior vena cava was associated in 9 cases especially with hemiazygos continuation (4 cases out of 5 patients with hemiazygos continuation). ****; 4 cases of asplenia
Key Words: Absence of I.V.C., Azygos, Hemiazygos, Malposition, Asplenia, Persistent left S.V.C..

METRICS Graph View
  • 711 View
  • 0 Download

Close layer
prev next