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Carcinomas in Childhood -A 10-Year Experience in Seoul National University Hospital-

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1992;35(10):1369-1376.
Published online October 15, 1992.
Carcinomas in Childhood -A 10-Year Experience in Seoul National University Hospital-
Hong Hoe Koo1, Kyung Duk Park1, Hye Lim Jung2, Sang Kyu Park3, Hee Young Shin1, Hyo Seop Ahn1
1Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Koryo General Hospital, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul, Korea
소아연령에서의 암종-서울대학교병원의 10년간 경험-
구홍회1, 박경덕1, 정혜림2, 박상규3, 신희영1, 안효섭1
1서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2고려병원 소아과
3서울적십자병원 소아과
Carcinomas in childhood differ from those in adults in their frequency, histologic type, and distribution of primary sites. In children, carcinomas are rare and few series have been published containing sufficient mumbers of cases to permit a reliable account of the incidence and survival of children with carcinoma. During a 10-year period, 1982-1991, we observed 40 patients less than 16 years of age with a histologic diagnosis of carcinoma in Seoul National University Hospital. They represented 2.6% of all patients with leukemia or malignant solid tumors referred to this hospital during the study period. Out of 40 patients, 21 were male and 19 female with the sex ratio of 1.11:1. Most of patients were over 5 years of age and the median age were 10 years of age. Thyroid carcinomas occurred more frequently in girls(1:2.75) and hepatocellular carcinomas in boys (5:1). By primary site, thyroid carcinoma topped the list with 15 cases (38%), followed by heptocellular carcinoma with 12 cases (30%). Others were adrenal cortical carcinomas (3 cases), nasopharyngeal (2 cases), parotid (2 cases), and 1 case of thymus, ovary, renal cell, laryngeal, pancrease, skin carcinoma. There were neither carcinomas of unknown primary nor carcinomasas second malignant neoplasm.
Key Words: Carcinoma, Childhood

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