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Anthropometric Measurement of Newborn in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1999;42(3):339-347.
Published online March 15, 1999.
Anthropometric Measurement of Newborn in Women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
Kyung Hoon Kang1, Seong Won Yang1, Hye Kyung Han1, Woo Gill Lee1, Mi Na Lee1, Hak Chul Jang2, Il Soon Hwang2, Eun Sung Kim3
1Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Cheil Hospital, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Medicine, Samsung Cheil Hospital, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Samsung Cheil Hospital, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea
임신성 당뇨병 산모에서 출생한 신생아의 신체계측상 특성
강경훈1, 양성원1, 한혜경1, 이우길1, 이미나1, 장학철2, 황일순2, 김은성3
1성균관대학교 삼성제일병원 소아과
2성균관대학교 삼성제일병원 내과
3성균관대학교 삼성제일병원 산부인과
Abstract
Purpose
: To find the anthropometric characteristics of newborn in women with gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM), and the relationship between the birth weight and anthropometric measurements of newborn, maternal body habitus and glycemic control in GDM group.
Methods
: Maternal weight, height, and obstetric history of 82 women with GDM and 93 women with normal glucose tolerance were recorded at the time of screening test and delivery. Within 2 days after birth, the birth weight and anthropometric measurements were obtained, and maternal glycohemoglobin concentrations were measured and umbilical cord blood samples for C-peptide were collected in GDM group at delivery.
Results
: There were no differences in the birth weight and frequency of LGA newborn between GDM and control group, although the primary C-section of GDM group was significantly higher compared with the control group. The abdominal circumference(AC) and triceps, subscapular, and thigh skinfold thickness(SFT) of newborn in GDM group were significantly increased compared with the control group. Maternal glycohemoglobin concentration was correlated with birth weight, but not with AC and three SFTs in GDM group. Umbilical cord blood C-peptide level had a correlation with birth weight and three SFTs in GDM group. Newborn's AC had a correlation with maternal weight and weight gain in GDM group, but not in control group.
Conclusion
: Although the birth weight and frequency of LGA did not differ, AC and triceps, subscapular, and thigh SFT were increased in GDM group. These increases of anthropometric measurements were observed in AGA newborn, and were greater in LGA newborn.
Key Words: Gestational diabetes, Anthropometric measurement, Newborn, Hyperinsulinemia


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