Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 2002;45(1):103-108.
Published online January 15, 2002.
Analysis of Treatment in Pediatric Germ Cell Tumor
Young Dai Kim1, Su Hyun Kim1, Ki Joong Kim1, Ho Joon Im2, Hahng Lee1
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of P ediatrics, Gachon Medical School, Gil Medical Center, Inchon, Korea
소아 악성 생식세포 종양의 치료 분석
김영대1, 김수현1, 김기중1, 임호준2, 이 항1
1한양대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
1한양대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2가천의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Hahng Lee, Email: h251406@hmc.hanyang.ac.kr
Abstract
Purpose
: This report is an analysis of our experience with surgery, multi-agent chemotherapy and radiotherapy, in pediatric germ cell tumors(GCTs).
Methods
: This report included all children(age < 15 years) who were registered between November 1985 and May 2001 with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of GCT and received surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Retrospective analysis of the medical records of these patients was performed. In addition to the clinicopathological features, the response rate, survival rate, and toxicity were analyzed.
Results
: Among were a total of 19 patients, 6 had an ovarian tumor and 3 had a testicular tumor. Histologically immature teratoma was the most common type(11/19; 57.9%). Tumor markers were increased in 13/17(76.5%). Complete responses were observed in 17/19(89.5%) of the evaluable patients. Five year actuarial survival was 79.4% and event free survival was 84.2%. Median follow up was 46 months.
Conclusion
: From the present report, it is apparent that chemotherapy is very effective and well tolerated in children with GCTs. The data probably suggests that conservative surgery, when combined with effective chemotherapy, can result in cure of the majority of children with GCTs.
Key Words: Germ cell tumor, Children


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