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Plastic bronchitis in children: 2 cases

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2009;52(7):832-836.
Published online July 15, 2009.
Plastic bronchitis in children: 2 cases
Yeo Hyang Kim1, Hee Jung Choi2, Jung Ok Kim3, Myung Chul Hyun4
1Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea
2Department of Pediatrics, Kumi-Cha Hospital, Kumi, Korea
3Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatric, Severance Cadiovascular Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
4Departments of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea
소아 증식성 기관지염 2례
김여향1, 최희정2, 김정옥3, 현명철4
1계명대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2구미차병원 소아과청소년과
3연세대학교 의과대학 심장혈관병원 소아심장과
4경북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Myung Chul Hyun, Email: mchyun@mail.knu.ac.kr
Abstract
Plastic bronchitis is a rare disorder characterized by the formation of extensive, obstructing endobronchial casts. It is associated with asthma and complex cardiac defects such as those requiring the Fontan procedure. The treatment of plastic bronchitis comprises conventional therapy involving spontaneous expectoration and bronchoscopic removal and specific therapy with several new drugs. Herein, we describe the cases of 2 patients diagnosed with plastic bronchitis accompanied with a different underlying disease, which were treated with inhaled corticosteroid and low-dose oral clarithromycin.
Key Words: Plastic bronchitis, Children, Congenital heart disease, Bronchoscope


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