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Clinical review of abdominal masses in infants and children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1991;34(3):380-387.
Published online March 31, 1991.
Clinical review of abdominal masses in infants and children.
Dong A Lee, Woo Ryoung Lee, Jae Ock Park, Chang Hwi Kim, Sang Jhoo Lee
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Soon Chun Hyang University, Seoul, Korea
소아복부종괴에 대한 임상적 고찰 - 초음파적 진단에 대하여 -
이동아, 이우령, 박재옥, 김창휘, 이상주
순천향대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Received: 22 August 1990   • Accepted: 20 November 1990
We reviewed 34 patients with palpable abdominal mass among 5,920 infants and children who admitted to the department of pediatrics of Soon Chun Hyang University from Jun. 1, 1986 to Aug. 31,1989. The results were as follows: 1) The incidence was 0.57% and the male: female ratio was 1:1.3. The mass was noted before 1 year of age in 23.5% of cases and under 5 years of age in 73.5% of cases. 2) The most common etiology of abdominal masses was intra-abdominal abscess. 3) Intraperitoneal masses were 24 cases (70.6%) and retroperitoneal masses were 10 cases (29.4%). The most common originated organ was hepatobiliary system and kidney, respectively. 4) Ultrasonography is cheaper than CT, allows imaging in multiple planes without sedation, permits repetitive examination, and requires no physiologic function for anatomic visualization. Since there is a paucity of fat in children, ultrasonography is ideal for the evaluation of pediatric abdominal masses.
Key Words: Ultrasonography, Abdominal mass, Infants and children

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