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Clinico-Epidemiological Study on Leprosy Patients in Children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1987;30(7):769-776.
Published online July 31, 1987.
Clinico-Epidemiological Study on Leprosy Patients in Children.
Koo Jeoung Jung1, Byoung Soo Cho1, Sung Ho Cha1, Sa Jun Chung1, Chang Il Ahn1, Do Seo Koo2, Do Il Kim3
1Department of Pediatrics ,school of Medicine. Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Preventive , School of Medicine. Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
3Institute for Leprosy Research Korean Leprosy Control Association
소아 나환자의 임상역학적 고찰
정구원1, 조병수1, 차성호1, 정사준1, 안창일1, 구도서2, 김도일3
1경희대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
2경희대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
3대한나관리협회
Abstract
Clinico-epidemiological study on 44 patients with leprosy in less than 20-year-old children visited to Institute for Leprosy Research, Korean Leprosy Control Association during past 9 years from January, 1978, to August, 1986 was carried out and the following results were obtained. 1) Age at time of visit was shown peak in the age group of 16-20 years (34 cases, 77%), but non in the age group of under 10 years. Age of onset was shown peak in the age group of 11-15 years (20cases, 51%), but none in the age group of under 5 years 2) 52% (23/44) of leprosy patients in children visited to our Institute had their family contact history. 3) While place of birth of leprocy patients was mainly distributed in Chon-Nam (10/40, 25%), Chung-Buk (8/40, 20%) and Kyeong-Buk (8/40, 20%), their present address was mostly situated at Seoul (16/43, 37.2%). 4) 61.3% of leprosy patients in children were multibacillary leprosy and 22.7% paucibacillary. 5) Clinical findings were revealed as skin lesions and nerve enlargement (20 cases, 45.5%), skin lesions only (13 cases, 29.5%) and nerve enlargement only (2 cases, 4.5%). It was clear that 75% of the leprosy cases in children diagnosed in the trial had skin lesions. 6) The lepromin test in 22 leprosy patients in children was consistent with result according to ieprosy type, but one borderline-tuberculoid leprosy patient was shown negative lepromin reaction and three lepromatous leprosy patients, weak positive in two cases and moderate positive in one case.
Key Words: Leprosy.


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