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A Survey of the Outcome of Childhood Asthma.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1987;30(1):55-63.
Published online January 31, 1987.
A Survey of the Outcome of Childhood Asthma.
Hyung Ja Park, Myung Ik Lee, Sun Wha Kim, Don Hee Ahn, Keun Chan Sohn
Department of Pediatrics, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
一소아 기관지천식의 예후에 관한 고찰一
박형자, 이명익, 김순화, 안돈희, 손근찬
국립의료원 소아과
Abstract
An outcome of 416 children who was diagnosed and treated for bronchial asthma at pediatric department of National Medical Center from 1965 to 1984 was surveyed using return postcard. The following results were obtained. 1) We mailed 416 cards and 74 cards (17.8%) were returned. 2) 37.8% of the patients had been entirely asymptomatic for a year or more and 32.5% improved. 22.9% of the patients noticed no change and 6.8% was aggravated. There was no significant differences between males and females. 3) 13 cases among the 21 male patients became asymptomatic during 12 and 14 year old age and 6 cases among the 10 female patients improved during 9 and 12 year old age. 4) The mean age of onset was 4.57±2.48 year in attack (—) group and 5.13±3.18 year in attack (+)group. 5) All patient received symptomatic treatment and 40.5% of patients was treated with Rizaben, Histaglobulin, Intal or hyposensitization. 6) Among attack (—) group 35.7% and among attack (+) group 67.4% of patients had other allergic diseases. The difference was significant (p < 0.01). 7) Familial allergic history was positive in 42.9% among attack (—) group and in 34.8% among attack (+) group. 8) Feeding method during infancy was not significantly different between the attack (—) group and attack (+) group. 9) The parents of asymptomatic patients thought that attack was improved due to treatment,growth, physical exercise and movement of house in orders.
Key Words: Bronchial asthma, Prognosis.


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