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Prevalence of Australia Antigen and Antibody in Pediatric Age Group.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1982;25(5):445-452.
Published online May 31, 1982.
Prevalence of Australia Antigen and Antibody in Pediatric Age Group.
Kwang Woo Kim, Su Young Kim, Jung Joo Kim, Dong Hak Shin
Department of Pediatric Keimyung University Medical College and Hospital, Korea.
소아 입원환자 및 고아원아에서 B 형 간염의 항원 및 항체 양성률
김광우, 김수용, 김정주, 신동학
계명대학교 의과대학 부속 동산병원 소아과학교실
Research study of Hepatitis B infection has been much advanced recently and the incidence of the Hepatitis B infection, such as acute viral hepatitis, chronic active hepatitis, chronic persistant hepatitis, acute fulminating hepatitis and carrier states are increasing significantly. The authors evaluated HBsAg and AntiHBs in the child age group and the results are summarized as follows: Of 271 children who were admitted during the period of June 1, 1981 to August 31, 1981, 15(5.9%) were HBsAg positive and 24(8.86%) were antiHBs positive. The highest incidence of HBs Ag among the children was school age group. The highest incidence of AntiHBs was newborn age group. Of 92 children who were living in the orphanage, 12(13.0%) were HBsAg positive and 8 (8.71%) were AntiHBs positive. There was no significant difference in comparison by each room.
Key Words: Carrier rate of HBsAg, Antibody to HBsAg

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