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Clinical Considerations of Convulsive Diseases in Children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1982;25(3):250-257.
Published online March 31, 1982.
Clinical Considerations of Convulsive Diseases in Children.
In Soo Choi, Jung Soo Kim
Department of Pediatrics Jeonbug National University Medical School, Korea.
소아 경련성 질환의 임상적 고찰
최인수, 김정수
전북대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
The authors reviewed 312 pediatric convulsive patients admitted to the Department of Pediatrics Jeonbug national University Hospital during the last 3 years period from Sep. 1st, 1978 to Aug. 31st. 1981. The clinical and statistical results were obtained as follows. 1) Of the total 312 pediatric convulsive patients, the patients over 6 years of age and preschool children between 2 years and 6 years occupid 31.4% each, with the sex ratio male to female, 1.5 : 1. 2) The most common cause of convulsions was Meningitis(27.3%), which was followed by Encephalitis(19.2%), Febrile convulsion(15.7%), Idiopathic Epilepsy(9.6%), in order of frequency. 3) The most common cause of convulsions in the neonatal period was Neonatal Tetanus(41.7%), which was followed by Birth Trauma(17.7%), Meningitis(14.7%). 4) Meningitis was most common in children from 1 month to 2 years, and Encephalitis in children over 2 years. 5) The most common cause of Febrile Convulsion was Pharyngotonsillitis(42.9%), which was followed by Pneumonia(32.6%), Acute Gastroenteritis(14.9%). 6) The mortality rate of convulsive patients was 5.5%.
Key Words: Clinical consideration, Convulsive diseases

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