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The Statistical Study on Acute Drug and Chemicals Intoxication in Children.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1981;24(8):760-765.
Published online August 15, 1981.
The Statistical Study on Acute Drug and Chemicals Intoxication in Children.
Young Chang Kim, Hyung Jin Choi, Jae Ock Park, Dong Whan Lee, Sang Jhoo Lee
Department of pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang College, School of Medicine, Korea.
소아 약물 및 화학물질 중독에 관한 통계적 고찰
김영창, 최형진, 박재옥, 이동환, 이상주
순천향대학 의학부 소아과학교실
A statistical study on 135 cases of acute poisoning who were treated in Pediatric department of Soon Chun Hyang College Hospital from May, 1974 to August, 1980 was performed. The results are as follows: 1. Seasonal incidence was more prevalent in summer. (from June to August, Table 2) 2. It occurred more frequently in male than female and high incidence was noted in 1 to 3 year-old age group(Table 5). 3. The causative chemicals were found to be 58 kinds & the commonest chemical was insecticides which were 16.3% of all cases. Rodenticides and tranquilizers(11.9%), D.D.S. (5.1%), kerosence(3.7%) were the next common causatvie agents. And drugs were more frequent than non-drug agents(Table. 3). 4. Accidental poisoning was more frequent than therapeutic and suididal purpose(Table 6). 5. It occurred most frequently during 3 to 6 O'lock in the afternoon and especially from 6 to 9 O'lock in morning and in the evening in the 0 to 1 year-old age. 6. There were complications which were aspiration pneumonia(3 cases). Corrosive pharyngitis (1 cases) and anoxic brain damage(1 cases) respectively. And death occurred in 1 cases due to insecticide.
Key Words: Acute drug and chemicals intoxication, statistical study

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