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Clinical Studies on Paralytic Poliomyelitis

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1966;9(2):71-77.
Published online March 31, 1966.
Clinical Studies on Paralytic Poliomyelitis
In Moo Huh, Se Joo Kang, Yu Keung An, Ok Cha Whang, Duk Jin Yun
Department of Pediatrics,Yonsei University, College of Medicine,Seoul Korea
小兒蘇輝의 臨皮統計的觀察(1 962--1964)
許寅茂, 姜世周, 安裕卿, 黃玉子, 尹德鎭
延世大學校 醫科大學 小兒科敎室
The authors observed 322 cases of paralytic poliomyelitis who visited the pediatric service of Severance hospital during 3 years from 1962 to 1964. Observations 1)The heighest age incidence was from 7 months to 3 years (92.4%) 2)The incidence in male was more frequent than in females (Male 61.2%, female 38.8%) 3)Seasonal occurrence was more frequent from June to September (69%) 4)Initial symptoms were upper respiratory tract infection such as fever, cough, coryza and gastrointestinal troubles such as diarrhea, vomiting and constipation, convulsion and skin rashes also occurred but less frequently. 5)Location of paralysis was more frequent in lower extremities (92.2%) than in upper extremities (1.2%) Cases of bulbar paralysis were 1.2% 6) Interval from onset of illness to first detection of paralysis was 1 to 5 days. (85.4%) 7)Paralytic poliomyelitis was observed even in vaccinated children 7.8% after one injection of Salk vaccine and 5.5% after three injection of Salk vaccine, 1.7% followed a combination of Salk and Sabin vaccination. 8)Sabin vaccine administered to all the children in Seoul city in 1962 was much more effective than that given in 1963 and 1964 to only part of the child population. 9) Mortality rate was 0.9% 10) 65.8% of the cases recived physical therapy:for 1 to 10days (45.9%) and 3 to 6 months (1.0%) 11) Complete healing was 55.9% mild cripped sequelae:20.8% , moderate and severe crippled sequelae:23.3%

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