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Original Article
Infection
Febrile urinary tract infection in children: changes in epidemiology, etiology, and antibiotic resistance patterns over a decade
Woosuck Suh, Bi Na Kim, Hyun Mi Kang, Eun Ae Yang, Jung-Woo Rhim, Kyung-Yil Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(6):293-300.   Published online October 14, 2020
Question: How has the antibiotic susceptibility of urinary pathogens changed and what does it imply?
Finding: A yearly increase in multidrug-resistant and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)–producing pathogens was observed. A higher recurrence rate was observed in cases of febrile urinary tract infection caused by ESBL producers in patients with underlying vesicoureteral reflux (VUR).
Meaning: The initial empirical antibiotic should reflect the changing susceptibility patterns and underlying VUR status.
Prevalence Rate of Shigella Subgroup Infection & Changing Pattern of Their Antibiotics Susceptibility During Last Twenty Years.
Kyung Sin Kim, Myung Sung Moon, Keun Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1983;26(5):455-462.   Published online May 31, 1983
Among bacterial enteritis of hospitalized Korean children, shigellosis was the most frequent diarrheal disease. During the ten-year period(1972〜 1981), 319 strains of shigella were isolated from 319 different diarrheal patients; 261 of 319 strains(81.8%) were Shigella flexneri, 49(15.3%) were S.sonnei, 5 and 4(1.5% & 1.2%) were S. boydii and S. dysenteriae, respectively. Every year S. flexneri appeared to be the most frequent...
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