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A Study on the Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency and Family Environment

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1993;36(2):195-207.
Published online February 15, 1993.
A Study on the Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency and Family Environment
Duk Jin Yun1, Jung Kyoo Park2, Jong Bok Chung2, Jung Mo Nam3, Jong Yun Park1
1Emeritus professor, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University, Seoul,Korea
2Emeritus professor, Department of Pediatrics, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea, Department of Juvenile delinquency the Seoul District prosecutors Office, Seoul, Korea
3Emeritus professor, Department of Pediatrics, Preventive medicine and public health, Yonsei University, Seoul,Korea
우리나라 청소년의 비행 및 가정환경 관련성 연구
윤덕진1, 박정규2, 정종복2, 남정모3, 박종연1
1연세대학교 의과대학 명예교수
2연세대학교 의과대학 명예교수, 서울지방검찰청 소년계 검사
3연세대학교 의과대학 명예교수, 연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
Abstract
This study was conducted to find out an appropriate means for preventing the juvenile delinquecy(JD), which is supposed to be greatly realted to family environment. The data were collected through a questionnaire survey with a means of writing by themself, to 257 middle and high school students and 309 juvenile delinquetns who were in confinement. The question-naire was consisted of 27 items of juvenile delinquencies, 15 questions about personal environment in parental behavior to their children in the rearing of them. The extent of delinquency was calculated divided into two groups; student group(SG) and juvenile delinquent group(JDG) and the collected data were analyzed with the extent of delinquency in each group by using SPSS/PC+ statistical package. The extent of JD was increased as the study subjects grew older, defective families were more common, total family income was more poor, parents?educational level was lower, personal expenses were higher and the conflicts between parents were more high in JDG as compared with that of SG. The differences were statistically significant. As long as the extent of delinquency is concerned, delimquent points of JDG were significantly higher as compared with that of SG in all items except one item, below the primary school item in fathers?educationl level. (In order to prevent JD in our country, it is recommended that educational level and the living standared of the lower class people should be raised, the sound families which do have less conflicts should be established as much as possible, the present educational system which is making much conflicts between parents and their offsprings should be changed so that their given temperament would be brought up to the highest level, defective families should be reduced as much as possible and adults should not do actions that are considered not to be done by youngsters and must set a good example.)
Key Words: Juvenile delinquency, Family environment


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