Warning: fopen(/home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/upload/ip_log/ip_log_2024-06.txt) [function.fopen]: failed to open stream: Permission denied in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 82

Warning: fwrite(): supplied argument is not a valid stream resource in /home/virtual/pediatrics/journal/ip_info/view_data.php on line 83
Serum Nitric Oxide and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Levels in Patients with Kawasaki Disease

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2005;48(7):772-778.
Published online July 15, 2005.
Serum Nitric Oxide and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Levels in Patients with Kawasaki Disease
Ji Hye Park, Jee Seon Shin, Young Mi Hong
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea
가와사키병 환아에서 면역글로불린 투여 전후의 혈중 Nitric Oxide와 Tumor Necrosis Factor-α에 대한 연구
박지혜, 신지선, 홍영미
이화대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Correspondence: 
Young Mi Hong, Email: hongym@chollian.net
Abstract
Purpose
: Kawasaki disease(KD) is a systemic panvasculitis that causes coronary artery lesions. KD is accompanied by immunoregulatory abnormalities. Nitric oxide(NO) can induce relaxation of blood vessels by activating guanylate cyclase in smooth muscle cells and high levels of NO may result in coronary artery lesions. We investigated tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α and NO production before and after intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) therapy to study the roles of NO and TNF-α in KD with coronary artery lesions.
Methods
: Serum levels of NO and TNF-α were measured in 24 patients with KD(group I, eight patients with normal coronary artery; group II, 16 patients with coronary artery lesions) and 23 controls(group III, 13 afebrile controls; group IV, 10 febrile controls). Blood samples from each subject were drawn before and after IVIG therapy and in the convalescent stage. Serum concentrations of NO and TNF-α were measured by enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay.
Results
: The NO levels before IVIG therapy were significantly higher in group II than in group I, group III and group IV. After IVIG therapy the levels of NO were significantly higher in group I and group II than in group III. The TNF-α levels before IVIG therapy were significantly higher in group I and group II than in group III. The serum TNF-α and NO levels were higher before IVIG therapy and decreased through the convalescent stage in KD patients. In the acute stage of KD patients with coronary artery lesions, serum NO levels significantly correlated with white blood cells (r=0.43, P<0.05).
Conclusion
: The serum concentration levels of TNF-α and NO were abnormally high in KD patients and NO concentrations were statistically higher in the KD patients with coronary artery abnormalities than those without coronary abnormality during the early stage of the KD. These results suggest NO may be involved in the development of coronary artery lesions.
Key Words: Kawasaki disease , Nitric oxide , Tumor necrosis factor-alpha


METRICS Graph View
  • 2,662 View
  • 14 Download