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Comparative study of newborns of Asian immigrant and Korean women

Korean Journal of Pediatrics 2009;52(10):1119-1126.
Published online October 15, 2009.
Comparative study of newborns of Asian immigrant and Korean women
Hee-ok Park1, Jae-woo Lim1, Hyun-seung Jin2, Jae-won Shim3, Min-hee Kim4, Chun-soo Kim3, Eun-ryoung Kim5, Seung-youn Kim6, Sang-kee Park7, Jung-joo Lee5
1Department of Pediatrics, Konyang University Hospital, Kore
2Department of Pediatrics, Gangneung Asan Medical Hospital, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Korea
4Department of Pediatrics, Konkuk University, Korea
5Department of Pediatircs, Chung Ang University Hospital, Korea
6Department of Pediatrics, Eulji University Hospital, Korea
7Department of Pediatircs, Chosun University Hospital, Korea
외국인과 내국인 산모 출생아의 비교 연구
박희옥1, 임재우1, 진현승2, 심재원3, 김민희4, 김천수3, 김은령5, 김승연6, 박상기7, 이정주5
1건양대학교 소아청소년과
2강릉아산병원 소아청소년과
3강북삼성병원 소아청소년과
3계명대병원 소아청소년과
4건국대병원 소아청소년과
5성애병원 소아청소년과
6을지대병원 소아청소년과
7조선대병원 소아청소년과
Correspondence: 
Jae-woo Lim, Email: limsoa@hanmail.net
Abstract
Purpose
: This study compares the maternal characteristics and birth outcomes of infants of Asian immigrant mothers from developing countries with those of the infants of Korean mothers.
Methods
: In this multicenter and retrospective study, Asian immigrant women who had delivered between January 2005 and June 2008 were enrolled from9 Medical Centers. In all, 333 births to Asian immigrant women from developing countries (Asian-Korean infants) were included in this study. In addition, sex-, birth year-, and gestational age-matched 333 neonates born to Korean mothers were selected as the control group (Korean infants). On the basis of the hospital data, we investigated the nationality, age, and medical history of the mothers and compared the incidence of congenital infection, Apgar score, weight, height, and head circumference of Asian-Korean infants with those of the Korean infants.
Results
: The average maternal age of Asian women from developing countries at birth term was 26.7 years, which was significantly lower than that of Korean women (30.8 years, P<0.05). The birth weight of Asian-Korean infants (2,869 g) was significantly smaller than that of Korean infants (2,995 g, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the incidence of congenital syphilis infection between the Asian-Korean infants and Korean infants (5 cases vs. 0 case, P<0.05).
Conclusion
: There were significant differences in the perinatal outcomes between the Korean and Asian-Korean infants. A multicenter large-scaled study should be performed to analyze the perinatal outcomes of Asian-Korean infants.
Key Words: Asian-Korean, Korean, Birth weight, Maternal age, Congenital infection


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