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Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in pediatric in patients.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1991;34(3):355-362.
Published online March 31, 1991.
Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen in pediatric in patients.
Kyung Hee Kim, Myung Ik Lee, Young Jin Hong, Keun Chan Sohn
Department of Pediatrics, National Medical Center, Seoul, Korea
소아 입원환자의 B형 간염항원 양성률에 대한 관찰
김경희, 이명익, 홍영진, 손근찬
국립의료원 소아과
Received: 27 September 1990   • Accepted: 30 November 1990
Abstract
Thirty three from 689 children (4.79%) who were screened among hospitalized patients from July, 1986 to June, 1988, were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen in their serum sample tested by radioimmunoassay. The positive rate of hepatitis B surface antigen was 3.04% when the hepatitis patients were excluded. The incidence of hepatitis B surface antigen was higher (5.18%) in male than in famale (4.17%) patients. And a trend toward increment was noted with age, but there was no statistical significance. Diseases of hepatitis B surface antigen positive cases on admission were evenly distributed, e.g., pneumonia, acute pharyngitis, congenital heart disease, bronchiolitis, asthma, craniopharyngioma, measles, meningitis etc.
Key Words: Hepatitis B Surface Antigen


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